GRE Subject Test: Chemistry : Ionic Bonding

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Chemistry

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Example Questions

Example Question #32 : General Chemistry

Which of the following compounds is not held together by ionic bonds?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Covalent bonds are formed when two nonmetals are bonded together. This covalent bond means that the electrons are shared by the two atoms in order to satisfy each atom's octet. There is very little difference in the electronegativities of the two atoms involved in the bond, so neither atom pulls the electrons closer to its nucleus.

Ionic bonds are formed between a metal and a nonmetal. Due to the dramatic difference between the electronegativities of metals and nonmetals, the electrons are pulled tightly to the nonmetal, and away from the metal nucleus. This results in each atom having a full octet, even though the electrons are not shared.

Carbon and oxygen are both nonmetals, so we would expect only covalent bonds in carbon dioxide.

Example Question #1 : Ionic Bonding

Given the salt , what is the charge on the manganese ion in this molecule?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

In order to determine the charge of the transition metal manganese in the molecule, , we must first determine the net charge of the molecules it is bonded to. The manganese is bonded to three fluoride ions. Fluoride ion carries a negative one charge. since it is a halogen The subscript in front of the fluoride in the molecule tells us that we have three fluoride ions. Each fluoride ion carries a  charge and because we have 3 of them, there is a total charge of  from these fluoride ions. Molecules like to exist in their most stable state which gives them an overall charge of zero. Therefore, the manganese atom will carry a charge of  to counter the  charge from the three fluoride ions. 

Example Question #34 : General Chemistry

Which of the following solids is most ionic?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

An ionic bond is a bond that occurs between a metal and a nonmetal, which may dissociate into two ions of opposite charges (positive and negative). These bonds are formed by electrostatic forces. We can determine if a compound is ionic from what it is composed of. Ionic compounds can easily be identified because they are generally composed of a metal and non-metal such as . Metals are cations and non-metals are anions. In the options given, the substance that contains an ionic bond is . The ions involved are  and 

Example Question #35 : General Chemistry

Given the salt , what is the charge on the  ion in this molecule?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

In order to determine the charge of the  ion in the molecule, , we must first determine the net charge of the molecules it is bonded to. The  ion is bonded to a  ions.

 ion is one a common anion and carries a -2 charge. Molecules like to exist in their most stable state which gives them an overall charge of zero.  has an overall charge of zero. Therefore, the  atom will carry a charge of +2 to counter the -2 charge from the  ion.

Example Question #36 : General Chemistry

Given the salt , what is the charge on the barium ion in this molecule?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

In order to determine the charge of the barium ion in the molecule, , we must first determine the net charge of the molecules it is bonded to. The barium ion is bonded to two fluoride ions.

Fluoride ion carries a -1 charge. The subscript in front of the fluoride in the molecule tells us that we have two fluoride ions. Each fluoride ion carries a -1 charge and because we have 2 of them, there is a total charge of -2 from these fluoride ions. Molecules like to exist in their most stable state which gives them an overall charge of zero. Therefore, the barium atom will carry a charge of +2 to counter the -2 charge from the two fluoride ions.

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