### All GRE Subject Test: Chemistry Resources

## Example Questions

### Example Question #4 : Orbitals And Hybridization

How many electrons can fit in the electron shell?

**Possible Answers:**

Fourteen

Six

Eight

Ten

Eighteen

**Correct answer:**

Eighteen

An shell contains *3s*, *3d*, and *3p* subshells. Any *s* shell can hold up to two electrons, any *p* shell can hold six electrons, and any *d* shell can hold ten electrons.

This question is best solved by using quantum numbers. We are given the principle quantum number. Using this, we can work down to determine how many electrons can fit in this shell. The rules for quantum numbers are given below.

If the principle quantum number is three, then the next quantum number can be zero, one, or two. These correspond to the *s*, *p*, and *d* subshells, respectively.

After that, the next quantum number describes the orbitals within the subshells. Each orbital can carry two electrons, according to the final quantum number.

In total, there are eighteen electrons allowed in all subshells of the third energy level.

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### All GRE Subject Test: Chemistry Resources

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