GRE Subject Test: Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular Biology : Help with Neural Specialization

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GRE Subject Test: Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular Biology

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All GRE Subject Test: Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular Biology Resources

1 Diagnostic Test 201 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Help With Neural Specialization

Neurons transmit signals via transmission of an electrical signal called an action potential. Which integral membrane protein is crucial for the rising phase of an action potential?

Possible Answers:

Ligand gated sodium channels

Metabotropic glutamate receptors

Voltage-gated potassium channels

Ligand gated calcium channels

Voltage-gated sodium channels

Correct answer:

Voltage-gated sodium channels

Explanation:

Voltage gated sodium channels allow the influx of sodium to quickly depolarize the neuron and generate the action potential. They are voltage gated, meaning they open in response to changes in membrane potential, thus providing the positive feedback required to get such a dramatic change in membrane potential once threshold has been reached. The other channels listed are not involved with the rising phase of the action potential. 

Example Question #2 : Help With Neural Specialization

In synaptic transmission, the __________ of the pre-synaptic cell can make either a chemical or electrical synapse with a __________ of the post-synaptic cell.

Possible Answers:

soma . . . dendrite

axon . . . nucleus

axon . . . dendrite

dendrite . . . axon

spine . . . dendrite

Correct answer:

axon . . . dendrite

Explanation:

Of all the choices, axon and dendrite are the best answers to fill in the blanks because the axon is typically the pre-synaptic structure and the dendrite is the post-synaptic structure. In each of the other selections at least one of the choices does not make sense as a post/pre synaptic structure, or has nothing to do with synaptic transmission. 

All GRE Subject Test: Biochemistry, Cell, and Molecular Biology Resources

1 Diagnostic Test 201 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept
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