GMAT Math : Calculating the length of the side of an equilateral triangle

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GMAT Math

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Calculating The Length Of The Side Of An Equilateral Triangle

If an equilateral triangle has a perimeter of , what is the length of each side?

Possible Answers:

Cannot be determined

Correct answer:

Explanation:

An equilateral triangle has three equal sides; therefore, to find the length of each side, divide the perimeter by :

Example Question #2 : Calculating The Length Of The Side Of An Equilateral Triangle

If the area of an equilateral is , given a height of , what is the base of the triangle?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

We derive the equation of base of a triangle from the area of a triangle formula:

Example Question #3 : Calculating The Length Of The Side Of An Equilateral Triangle

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The height of an equilateral triangle  is . What is the length of side ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Similarily, we can use the same formula for the height to find the length of the side of an equilateral triangle, which is given by 

, where  is the length of the height.

Therefore, the final answer is

 

Example Question #4 : Calculating The Length Of The Side Of An Equilateral Triangle

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Equilateral triangle  is inscribed in a circle with radius , what is the length of a side of the triangle?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Since we are given the radius, we should be able to find the height of the equilateral triangle. Indeed, the center of the circle is at the intersections of the heights of the triangle, and is located  away from the edge of a given height.

Therefore 5, the radius of the circle is  of the height.

Therefore, the height must be .

From here, we can use the formula for the height of the equilateral triangle , where  is the length of the height and  is the length of a side of the equilateral triangle.

Therefore, , then  is the final answer.

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