# GMAT Math : Calculating the endpoints of a line segment

## Example Questions

### Example Question #1 : Calculating The Endpoints Of A Line Segment

The quadrilateral with vertices  is a trapezoid. What are the endpoints of its midsegment?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The midsegment of a trapezoid is the segment whose endpoints are the midpoints of its legs - its nonparallel opposite sides. These two sides are the ones with endpoints  and . The midpoint of each can be found by taking the means of the - and -coordinates:

The midsegment is the segment that has endpoints (2,2) and (19,2)

### Example Question #2 : Calculating The Endpoints Of A Line Segment

The midpoint of a line segment with endpoints  and  is . What is ?

Possible Answers:

It cannot be determined from the information given.

Correct answer:

Explanation:

If the midpoint of a line segment with endpoints  and  is , then by the midpoint formula,

and

.

The first equation can be simplified as follows:

or

The second can be simplified as follows:

or

This is a system of linear equations.  can be calculated by subtracting:

### Example Question #3 : Calculating The Endpoints Of A Line Segment

If the midpoint of  is  and  is at , what are the coordinates of ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Midpoint formula is as follows:

In this case, we have x,y and the value of the midpoint. We need to findx' and y'

V is at (2,9) and the midpoint is at (6,7)

and

So we have (10,5) as point U

### Example Question #4 : Calculating The Endpoints Of A Line Segment

A line segment has its midpoint at  and an endpoint at .  What are the coordinates of the other endpoint?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Because we are given the midpoint and one of the endpoints, we know the x coordinate of the other endpoint will be the same distance away from the midpoint in the x direction, and the y coordinate of the other endpoint will be the same distance away from the midpoint in the y direction. Given two endpoints of the form:

The midpoint of these two endpoints has the coordinates:

Plugging in values for the given midpoint and one of the endpoints, which we can see is  because it lies to the right of the midpoint, we can solve for the other endpoint as follows:

So the other endpoint has the coordinates

### Example Question #5 : Calculating The Endpoints Of A Line Segment

Consider segment  with endpoint  at . If the midpoint of  can be found at , what are the coordinates of point ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Recall midpoint formula:

In this case we have (x'y') and one of our other (x,y) points.

Plug and chug:

If you make this into two equations and solve you get the following.

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