GED Social Studies : Urban and Rural Societies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #21 : Society Development

Bourgeoise is another name for __________.

Possible Answers:

the working class

the aristocracy

the middle class

The Vatican

The Clergy

Correct answer:

the middle class

Explanation:

Bourgeoise is a French term, also widely used in the English language to refer to the Middle Class. It has its origins around the time of the Industrial Revolution, and it is often used in a demeaning fashion to suggest certain materialistic or superficial social values.

Example Question #1 : Urban And Rural Societies

Which of these statements is most true? During the Industrial Revolution much of the population __________.

Possible Answers:

grew immensely wealthy from the sale of manufactured goods

became ill due to the release of smog and toxic chemicals

migrated to rural areas to escape the poverty and harsh conditions of city life

migrated to urban centers in search of work

invested in railroad companies

Correct answer:

migrated to urban centers in search of work

Explanation:

Although it is probably true that some people moved away from cities to escape the poverty of city life and that some became ill from toxic chemicals. and it is also true that a small minority of people grew immensely wealthy during the Industrial Revolution, none of these statements represents the experience of the majority of people. The majority of the English population was no longer needed on farmland and was migrating to urban centers in search of work. As the Industrial Revolution spread around the world this seems to be the experience everywhere: Industrial Revolution led to urbanization.

Example Question #23 : Society Development

Which of these countries has the highest population density?

Possible Answers:

The United States

Bangladesh

China

France

Brazil

Correct answer:

Bangladesh

Explanation:

Population density refers to the number of people living in a certain area of land. A country with a high population density has a large number of people living in a relatively small amount of land. Although the populations of the U.S.A., China, and Brazil are all higher than the population of Bangladesh, the land area of Bangladesh is much smaller, so it has the highest population density.

Example Question #24 : Society Development

From 1700 to 1800, the population of Europe __________.

Possible Answers:

fell heavily due to widespread famine and frequent plague

increased slightly due to agricultural improvements

remained roughly the same before exploding in the Industrial Revolution

fell slightly due to widespread famine

almost doubled, providing the necessary labor for the Industrial Revolution

Correct answer:

almost doubled, providing the necessary labor for the Industrial Revolution

Explanation:

The eighteenth century was a time of dramatic population growth in Europe, particularly Western Europe. Advances in agriculture and fewer plagues meant a much lower death rate. The population rose from just under 100 million in 1700 to roughly 180 million by 1800. This population growth was vital for providing the conditions necessary for the Industrial Revolution to take off in the nineteenth century.

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