GED Social Studies : Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Truman Doctrine And Marshall Plan

The Truman Doctrine stated that __________

Possible Answers:

The United States would provide economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.

the President had the sole power to use the power of the atomic bomb in a state of war.

The United States would support England in any conflict with Germany or Italy.

The United States had the right to expand across the whole of the North American continent.

The United States would not interfere in the affairs of foreign nations.

Correct answer:

The United States would provide economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism.

Explanation:

The Truman Doctrine was issued at the beginning of the Cold War by President Harry Truman. It stated that the United States would provide economic and military aid to any nation that was threatened by the internal or external spread of communism. The country that benefited most from the aid offered by the Truman Doctrine was Greece.

Example Question #2 : Truman Doctrine And Marshall Plan

The Marshall Plan __________

Possible Answers:

proposed to make sweeping improvements to the internal infrastructure in America in the aftermath of World War Two.

was a system established to reconstruct Western Europe following the damage of World War Two.

attempted to block the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the early years of the Cold War.

attempted to rid the United States of any internal communist influences.

proposed a system of alliances with all the major democratic and capitalist nations in the early years of the Cold War.

Correct answer:

was a system established to reconstruct Western Europe following the damage of World War Two.

Explanation:

The Marshall Plan was a system established by American Secretary of State George Marshall to rebuild the economies and infrastructure of Western Europe following the damage of World War Two. The goal was to rebuild the European economy and reestablish Western Europe as a major trade partner of America, not to mention one that would have similar goals regarding the promotion of capitalism and the elimination of communism.

Example Question #2 : Truman Doctrine And Marshall Plan

The American policy of trying to prevent the expansion of communism to other nations __________

Possible Answers:

reproachment.

mutually assured destruction.

The Truman Doctrine.

manifest destiny.

containment.

Correct answer:

containment.

Explanation:

During the Cold War, the primary foreign policy of the United States was to try and prevent the spread of communism to other nations. This policy was called containment. It led to directly to the United States’ involvement in Korea and Vietnam, as well as other smaller conflicts.

Example Question #3 : Truman Doctrine And Marshall Plan

The Domino Theory states that __________

Possible Answers:

once one country acquires nuclear weapons, they will ultimately spread to any country that wishes to possess them.

people from a democratic country will never approve of war with another democracy.

The United States cannot allow communist ideology to spread internally if it wishes to remain a capitalist society.

if capitalism can be spread to parts of a communist country, it will eventually consume the entire nation.

if one country falls to communism, the neighboring country will likely fall next.

Correct answer:

if one country falls to communism, the neighboring country will likely fall next.

Explanation:

The Domino Theory relates to the Truman Doctrine and the policy of containment that was the most important part of American foreign policy during the majority of the Cold War. The Domino Theory states that if one country falls to communism it will very likely spread to any neighboring countries. As such, America must prevent any country from falling to communism by any means that it can—or so the theory goes.

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