GED Social Studies : Treaty of Versailles

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Treaty Of Versailles

For what accomplishment, primarily, was Woodrow Wilson awarded the Nobel Peace Prize?

Possible Answers:

Establishing the Red Cross

Founding the League of Nations

The Geneva Convention

Founding the United Nations

Signing a nuclear non-proliferation pact with the Soviet Union

Correct answer:

Founding the League of Nations

Explanation:

In 1919, Woodrow Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work founding the League of Nations, although the League was hampered by the refusal of Wilson’s Congress to ratify American participation in the it.

Example Question #2 : Treaty Of Versailles

The Dawes Plan was designed to __________.

Possible Answers:

prevent the spread of socialism in Central and South America by providing financial support to capitalists, republicans, and dictators alike

remedy the international problem arising from German debt in the aftermath of World War One

rebuild the economies of Western Europe in the aftermath of World War Two to prevent them from sliding into socialism

provide food and aid to Berlin during the blockade of 1948

divide Europe between a Western, American influenced, capitalist bloc and an Eastern, Soviet influenced, socialist bloc

Correct answer:

remedy the international problem arising from German debt in the aftermath of World War One

Explanation:

In the immediate aftermath of World War One, the Entente powers sought to make Germany responsible for the financial and human costs of the conflict. The Treaty of Versailles essentially placed all blame for the conflict with the German government, insisting that the Germans pay astronomical reparations. This caused hyperinflation in Germany along with the rise of radical and reactionary ideologies (like Nazism). In an attempt to remedy this situation, the Dawes Plan was established to provide a staggered payment plan and a substantial financial loan from the United States.

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