GED Social Studies : Other Types of Government

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #5 : Governments And Philosophies

Benito Mussolini was the leader of what type of government?

Possible Answers:

Direct Democracy

Communism

Socialism

Fascism

Representative Democracy

Correct answer:

Fascism

Explanation:

The Italian state under Mussolini was a prominent examples of Fascism. In a fascist government, liberal democracy is rejected as being too weak, and a system of totalitarian control over the media and the population is instituted. Fascist philosophy believes that the technological advancements of the early twentieth century rendered the distinction between civilian and military combatant obsolete. In a fascist state, the civilian population is mobilized as part of the war effort and is under complete control of the government. Violent nationalism is an important part of fascist ideology.

Example Question #6 : Governments And Philosophies

An Islamic state under Sharia Law is an example of a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

direct democracy

oligarchy

autocracy

theocracy

monarchy

Correct answer:

theocracy

Explanation:

A system of government ruled by religious leaders and where law is established according to religious codes is called a theocracy. 

Example Question #1 : Other Types Of Government

The United Nations was formed in __________.

Possible Answers:

1945

1939

1918

1914

1989

Correct answer:

1945

Explanation:

The United Nations is an international body designed to prevent warfare and represent the collective interests of all the nations of humanity, at least in theory. It was formed after the end of World War Two, in 1945. The League of Nations (the first attempt at such an international organization) was formed in 1918, at the end of World War One, but suffered from a lack of American participation and subsequent ineffectiveness.

Example Question #8 : Governments And Philosophies

Apartheid was a social policy of racial segregation in which country?

Possible Answers:

India

The United States

Saudi Arabia

South Africa

Egypt

Correct answer:

South Africa

Explanation:

Apartheid was a social policy of racial segregation in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. It was enforced by the government, which reduced the economic and political rights of black people in the country.

Example Question #2 : Other Types Of Government

An economic system where all property and the means of production are owned by the state is called __________.

Possible Answers:

utopianism

mercantilism

communism

republicanism

capitalism

Correct answer:

communism

Explanation:

Communism is an economic system where all property and the means of production are owned by the state. One of the driving forces of capitalism, ownership of private property, is completely eliminated in favor of (in theory) fairly distributing all property and economic goods.

Example Question #3 : Other Types Of Government

A system of government ruled by a leader who claims to interpret the word of god and establishes laws based on religious belief is called a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

oligarchy

autocracy

democracy

constitutional monarchy

theocracy

Correct answer:

theocracy

Explanation:

A theocracy is a system of government ruled by a priest, or other religious figure, who claims to interpret the word of god when establishing laws and rules in the country. In a theocracy, the government is essentially a conduit for religious belief.

Example Question #4 : Other Types Of Government

Another name for a despot is a(n) __________.

Possible Answers:

oligarch

autocrat

president

prime minister

deist

Correct answer:

autocrat

Explanation:

Despotism is another word for Autocracy. A Despot is an autocratic ruler, or a tyrant: someone who rules with absolute authority and who cannot be questioned or removed from power by legal means.

Example Question #5 : Other Types Of Government

What name is given to a portion of land given to the nobility by a king or lord under the system of feudalism?

Possible Answers:

Reliquary

Absolution

Charter

Fiefdom

Impressment

Correct answer:

Fiefdom

Explanation:

The economic and political system of feudalism arose after the fall of the Roman Empire. In the political and military vacuum created by Rome’s fall from power, there was a large number of people and groups contending for power. It was a time of brutal violence and great instability. To try to create stability, various rulers began to offer portions of land, or “fiefdoms,” to lesser rules, who could then have serfs work the land to provide food and income. The system of feudalism was effective because it promoted stability in a very violent time and offered protection in exchange for loyalty and subservience.

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