All GED Social Studies Resources
Example Question #5 : Governments And Philosophies
Benito Mussolini was the leader of what type of government?
The Italian state under Mussolini was a prominent examples of Fascism. In a fascist government, liberal democracy is rejected as being too weak, and a system of totalitarian control over the media and the population is instituted. Fascist philosophy believes that the technological advancements of the early twentieth century rendered the distinction between civilian and military combatant obsolete. In a fascist state, the civilian population is mobilized as part of the war effort and is under complete control of the government. Violent nationalism is an important part of fascist ideology.
Example Question #6 : Governments And Philosophies
An Islamic state under Sharia Law is an example of a(n) __________.
A system of government ruled by religious leaders and where law is established according to religious codes is called a theocracy.
Example Question #1 : Other Types Of Government
The United Nations was formed in __________.
The United Nations is an international body designed to prevent warfare and represent the collective interests of all the nations of humanity, at least in theory. It was formed after the end of World War Two, in 1945. The League of Nations (the first attempt at such an international organization) was formed in 1918, at the end of World War One, but suffered from a lack of American participation and subsequent ineffectiveness.
Example Question #8 : Governments And Philosophies
Apartheid was a social policy of racial segregation in which country?
The United States
Apartheid was a social policy of racial segregation in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. It was enforced by the government, which reduced the economic and political rights of black people in the country.
Example Question #2 : Other Types Of Government
An economic system where all property and the means of production are owned by the state is called __________.
Communism is an economic system where all property and the means of production are owned by the state. One of the driving forces of capitalism, ownership of private property, is completely eliminated in favor of (in theory) fairly distributing all property and economic goods.
Example Question #3 : Other Types Of Government
A system of government ruled by a leader who claims to interpret the word of god and establishes laws based on religious belief is called a(n) __________.
A theocracy is a system of government ruled by a priest, or other religious figure, who claims to interpret the word of god when establishing laws and rules in the country. In a theocracy, the government is essentially a conduit for religious belief.
Example Question #4 : Other Types Of Government
Another name for a despot is a(n) __________.
Despotism is another word for Autocracy. A Despot is an autocratic ruler, or a tyrant: someone who rules with absolute authority and who cannot be questioned or removed from power by legal means.
Example Question #5 : Other Types Of Government
What name is given to a portion of land given to the nobility by a king or lord under the system of feudalism?
The economic and political system of feudalism arose after the fall of the Roman Empire. In the political and military vacuum created by Rome’s fall from power, there was a large number of people and groups contending for power. It was a time of brutal violence and great instability. To try to create stability, various rulers began to offer portions of land, or “fiefdoms,” to lesser rules, who could then have serfs work the land to provide food and income. The system of feudalism was effective because it promoted stability in a very violent time and offered protection in exchange for loyalty and subservience.