GED Social Studies : Notable Historic Societies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Geography

Hernan Cortes is famous for overthrowing which Empire?

Possible Answers:

Mayan

Mughal

Portuguese

Aztec

Mongolian

Correct answer:

Aztec

Explanation:

Hernan Cortes and the Spanish conquistadors are responsible for overthrowing the Aztec Empire in the early part of the sixteenth century. If you did not know this you might have made a reasonable guess because the name Hernan Cortes sounds Spanish. The Spanish were the first to arrive in the New World en masse and overthrew the great Aztec and Incan Empires with their advanced technology and merciless military tactics. The Mayan Empire died out several hundred years before the arrival of the Spanish. The Portuguese Empire persisted for a long time during the European Age of Colonialism. The Mughal Empire existed in India before the arrival of the British. The Mongolian Empire conquered massive swathes of Europe and Asia before eventually succumbing to the difficulties of administering such a vast empire.

Example Question #2 : Geography

The planned destruction of an ethnic, religious, or cultural group is called __________

Possible Answers:

regicide.

sedition.

defenestration.

appeasement.

genocide.

Correct answer:

genocide.

Explanation:

Throughout history, particularly in the twentieth century, there have been numerous attempts by governments to deliberately plan and carry out the complete extermination of ethnic, religious, or cultural groups. Most famous of these is the Holocaust, when Nazi Germany attempted to wipe out the Jewish population of Europe (as well as Gypsies, homosexuals, the mentally disabled, and communists). Other famous genocides include the Armenian Genocide, the Rwandan Genocide, and the Cambodian Genocide.

Example Question #241 : Content Areas

The land between the two major rivers of the Middle East—Euphrates and Tigris—is called Mesopotamia, or __________

Possible Answers:

The Abundant Fields.

The Great Grass Sea.

The Plentiful Plains.

The Fertile Crescent.

The Killing Fields.

Correct answer:

The Fertile Crescent.

Explanation:

The major civilizations of early settled human history arose in the land of Mesopotamia (literally "the land between two rivers"). This land between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers is often called The Fertile Crescent because it was an extremely abundant source of food and agricultural land for the early civilizations, like the Babylonians and Sumerians.

Example Question #242 : Content Areas

Bourgeoise is another name for __________

Possible Answers:

the media.

the middle class.

the upper class.

the working class.

the clergy.

Correct answer:

the middle class.

Explanation:

The term, "Bourgeoise," refers to the Middle class. It has its origins in the French Revolution. The term carries connotations suggesting that the members of this class are unusually materialistic or obsessed with money.

Example Question #5 : Notable Historic Societies

Which ancient civilization sprang up along the banks of the Nile River?

Possible Answers:

China

Greece

India

Persia

Egypt

Correct answer:

Egypt

Explanation:

The Nile River in East Africa is the longest river in the world; it runs through what is otherwise a relatively dry and barren environment. As such, its importance to early agricultural civilizations cannot be overstated. The civilization of Ancient Egypt sprang up along the banks of the Nile River.

Example Question #1 : Geography

The Code of Hammurabi was written by an ancient __________ King.

Possible Answers:

Sumerian

Median

Assyrian

Egyptian

Babylonian

Correct answer:

Babylonian

Explanation:

The Code of Hammurabi is one of the earliest known examples of written law in the ancient world. It was written, supposedly, by the Babylonian King, Hammurabi.

Example Question #2 : Geography

The rise and spread of Christianity occurred during the latter stages of which Empire?

Possible Answers:

Greek

Mycenaean

Roman

Egyptian

Carthaginian

Correct answer:

Roman

Explanation:

The religion of Christianity emerged relatively quickly following the death of Christ. It spread around the Roman Empire at rapid pace, and within a few hundred years was adopted, by the Emperor Constantine, as the official religion of the Roman Empire.

Example Question #3 : Geography

Which of these empires was not an empire of Central or South America?

Possible Answers:

Sumerian

Incan

Olmec

Aztec

Mayan

Correct answer:

Sumerian

Explanation:

All of these were empires of South America except for the Sumerian Empire. The Mayans lived in modern-day Mexico and Guatemala from about 300 C.E. to 900 C.E. The Mayans are most well known for their extraordinary astronomical observations and understanding. The Incan Empire included most of modern Peru, Ecuador, and Bolivia as its territory, lasting for a few hundred years, between roughly 1300 and 1550 C.E. The Aztec Empire existed in central Mexico around the same time as the Incas. They were completely destroyed by the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors and Hernan Cortes. The Olmec Empire existed in a much earlier time period than the rest of the South American civilizations previously discussed—from about 1500 B.C.E. to about 400 B.C.E—and ruled in a similar area of Central America to the Mayans. The Sumerian Empire on the other hand is one of the earliest known civilizations from the ancient Mesopotamia region of the world (what is now Iraq and Syria). The Sumerian Empire existed several thousand years ago and is considered important to historians because the earliest known writing that has been found is in the language of the Sumerian Empire.

Example Question #4 : Geography

The philosophy of Confucianism is associated with which nation?

Possible Answers:

Japan

Israel

India

China

Russia

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

Confucianism is a philosophy that arose in China 2500 years ago. It is also sometimes called a religion. Confucianism’s primary tenets are a deep respect for ancestors and an obedience to legal tradition and order.

Example Question #247 : Content Areas

The House of Plantagenet is a ruling family in __________ history.  

Possible Answers:

Italian

Spanish

Swedish

French

English

Correct answer:

English

Explanation:

The House of Plantagenet is an important ruling family in English history. They ruled over England from the mid-twelfth century until about the mid-fifteenth century. Notable Plantagenet monarchs include King Henry II, Richard the Lionheart, and King John (the man who was King when the Magna Carta was signed). They were also in power when the Hundred Years’ War was waged against France.

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