GED Social Studies : NATO

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #71 : United States History

Which of these countries is not a member of NATO?

Possible Answers:

United States.

Britain.

Turkey.

Russia.

Canada.

Correct answer:

Russia.

Explanation:

NATO (The North Atlantic Treaty Organization) emerged after the end of the Second World War as the primarily alliance of the capitalist world during the Cold War. It was opposed by the Warsaw Pact, which was signed by the various communist nations of Europe and the Soviet Union. The current state of Russia remains excluded from NATO.

Example Question #72 : United States History

The idea that two antagonistic countries possessing nuclear weapons actually lowers the probability of an outbreak of war is called __________.

Possible Answers:

North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Nuclear Non-Aggression Pact

Warsaw Pact

Mutually Assured Destruction

Nuclear Non-Proliferation

Correct answer:

Mutually Assured Destruction

Explanation:

Mutually Assured Destruction is the term used to describe the nuclear relationship between the United States of America and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Essentially it suggests that because both nations possess stocks of nuclear weapons, warfare is considerably less likely, because if one nation launches a nuclear attack on another nation it will result in the destruction of both nations. Nuclear Non-Proliferation refers to an agreement that no new nations will be allowed to access nuclear weaponry.

Example Question #73 : United States History

Which of these best summarizes the idea of disarmament?

Possible Answers:

An agreement between two or more nations to reduce their supply of weapons

The continuation of British political and legal traditions in the American republic

A piece of legislation designed to provide for greater religious toleration

The increased spending on the military that has occurred at various times throughout American history

A policy designed to favor one social, ethnic, or religious group over another

Correct answer:

An agreement between two or more nations to reduce their supply of weapons

Explanation:

Disarmament is the term used to describe an agreement between two or more nations to downgrade their stockpile of weapons. Particularly, it is used to describe agreements between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War.

Example Question #74 : United States History

In exchange for the Soviet Union removing its missiles from Cuba, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States was forced to remove missiles from __________.

Possible Answers:

Turkey

East Germany

Poland

Czechoslovakia

China

Correct answer:

Turkey

Explanation:

In exchange for the Soviet Union removing its missiles from Cuba, during the Cuban Missile Crisis, the United States removed its missiles from Turkey. Its possible you did not know this information, but you should have been able to make a reasonable guess based on the answer choices available. Turkey was a major ally of the United States and Western Europe during the Cold War and was a member of NATO, whereas East Germany, China, Poland, and Czechoslovakia were all countries under either the direct control of the Soviet Union or, in the case of China, under a communist government.

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