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Example Question #1 : Japanese Internment
Executive Order 9066
"Now, therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United States, and Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy, I hereby authorize and direct the Secretary of War, and the Military Commanders whom he may from time to time designate, whenever he or any designated Commander deems such action necessary or desirable, to prescribe military areas in such places and of such extent as he or the appropriate Military Commander may determine, from which any or all persons may be excluded, and with respect to which, the right of any person to enter, remain in, or leave shall be subject to whatever restrictions the Secretary of War or the appropriate Military Commander may impose in his discretion. The Secretary of War is hereby authorized to provide for residents of any such area who are excluded therefrom, such transportation, food, shelter, and other accommodations as may be necessary, in the judgment of the Secretary of War or the said Military Commander, and until other arrangements are made, to accomplish the purpose of this order. The designation of military areas in any region or locality shall supersede designations of prohibited and restricted areas by the Attorney General under the Proclamations of December 7 and 8, 1941, and shall supersede the responsibility and authority of the Attorney General under the said Proclamations in respect of such prohibited and restricted areas."
Which of the following most accurately represents the result of this order?
None of these answers are correct
The 16th Amendment
The correct answer is "Japanese Internment." Executive Order 9066 (partially reproduced above) authorized the military to forcefully relocate and corral, well, anyone-it was completely discretionary. Of course, it was used almost solely to relocate those of Japanese descent and place them into "internment" camps; essentially, it was the forced relocation and detainment of those of Japanese descent, in large part a response to the bombing of Pearl Harbor (December 7, 1941).