GED Social Studies : Fascism and Totalitarianism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #152 : Content Areas

Which of these is not a central component of Fascism?

Possible Answers:

All of these are central components of Fascism.

Extreme nationalism

Denial of individual rights

State-controlled media

A totalitarian leader

Correct answer:

All of these are central components of Fascism.

Explanation:

In the first half of the twentieth century there were competing ideologies about how best to govern a nation—democracy, fascism, and socialism. Fascism— particularly as seen in Spain under Franco and Italy under Mussolini—is defined by an extreme form of nationalism in which the media is under complete control of the state and individual rights are limited. It also generally features a totalitarian leader whose authority cannot be questioned.

Example Question #153 : Content Areas

Which of these countries did not succumb to Fascism in the twentieth century?

Possible Answers:

Italy

Russia

Spain

Brazil

All of these countries succumbed to Fascism.

Correct answer:

Russia

Explanation:

All of these countries were ruled by Fascism at some point in the twentieth century except Russia, which transitioned first from monarchy to socialism, and then towards the end of the twentieth century (with the fall of the Soviet Union) to limited democracy.

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