GED Social Studies : Cultural Diversity

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #3 : Human Populations And Cultures

Which of these is not a monotheistic religion?

Possible Answers:

Christianity.

Judaism.

Zoroastrianism.

Hinduism.

Islam.

Correct answer:

Hinduism.

Explanation:

A monotheistic religion is defined by the belief in only one God. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic religions. As is Zoroastrianism, an ancient Iranian monotheistic religion and philosophy. Of these choices only Hinduism is polytheistic, having a large range and variety of Gods.

Example Question #4 : Human Populations And Cultures

Polytheism is best described as __________

Possible Answers:

the belief that God does not exist.

the belief in more than one God.

a government ruled by one autocratic leader.

a government ruled by a small group of individuals with absolute power.

the belief in one God.

Correct answer:

the belief in more than one God.

Explanation:

Polytheism is a religion defined by the belief in more than one God. In the ancient world almost all religions were polytheistic—such as the Greek and Roman religions, Egyptian, Norse and so on; however, since the rise of Judaism, then Christianity and Islam, monotheistic religions (the belief in one God) now largely dominate.

Example Question #5 : Human Populations And Cultures

The spread of the American fast food chains around the world in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries is an example of __________.

Possible Answers:

cultural diffusion

jingoism

yellow journalism

implied powers

hegemony

Correct answer:

cultural diffusion

Explanation:

Cultural diffusion is a term used to describe the spread of one culture’s language, ideas, or principles to other cultures, where it is then adopted and embraced. In the last century or two the English language has spread rapidly around the world and is now the second language of a large proportion of the global population.

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