GED Social Studies : Communism, Socialism, and Capitalism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Cold War

The Cold War was primarily a conflict between __________

Possible Answers:

Europe and America.

the East and the West.

democracy and socialism.

capitalism and communism.

fascism and capitalism.

Correct answer:

capitalism and communism.

Explanation:

The Cold War, which waged from the end of the Second World War until the fall of the Soviet Union, was primarily a conflict between capitalism and communism. It was essentially a conflict to see which economic system would become dominant in the world following the Second World War. The terms "democracy" and "socialism" are the two political systems that usually match with the economic systems of capitalism and communism, although it is possible to have a society that is both democratic and communist.

Example Question #2 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

Who was the first leader of communist China?

Possible Answers:

Ye Jianying.

Deng Xiaoping.

Li Xiannian.

Pol Pot.

Mao Zedong.

Correct answer:

Mao Zedong.

Explanation:

The first leader of Communist China was Mao Zedong. Mao was the founder of the Chinese Communist Party and the first ruler of the People’s Republic of China, which he governed from 1949 until 1976—when he died. Mao is notable for his role in the Chinese Civil War, leading the attack against the nationalists led by Chiang Kai-Shek. He is also notable for committing numerous atrocities, such as the Cultural Revolution, and for instituting the Great Leap Forward, designed to modernize the Chinese economy and solidify the hold of communism.

Example Question #2 : Cold War

Perestroika is the name given to __________

Possible Answers:

Leon Trotsky’s vision for a true communist society.

Josef Stalin’s attempts to improve the Soviet economy.

America’s policy of investing heavily in the space race following the Sputnik Crisis.

Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans to restructure the Soviet economy.

the declining influence of the Soviet Union in the mid-1980s.

Correct answer:

Mikhail Gorbachev’s plans to restructure the Soviet economy.

Explanation:

Mikhail Gorbachev, the last leader of the Soviet Union, ushered the country out of the Cold War and into an era of reforms and diminishing influence. His two major reforms are referred to as Glasnost and Perestroika. Glasnost was Gorbachev’s attempts to allow for greater political freedom; Perestroika was his attempt to restructure the soviet economy.

Example Question #1 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

Joseph McCarthy famously __________

Possible Answers:

led the crusade against prominent American communists.

proposed a plan to rebuild the economies of Europe in the aftermath of World War Two.

ran for President on the platform of nuclear disarmament.

led American forces to a catastrophic defeat in Vietnam.

undermined the Civil Rights movement with a series of Supreme Court rulings.

Correct answer:

led the crusade against prominent American communists.

Explanation:

Joseph McCarthy was a United States senator in the late 1940s and early 1950s who famously led the crusade against prominent American communists. This period of American history is often referred to as The Red Scare, and the policy of attacking any known or suspected communists in Congress is called McCarthyism.

Example Question #5 : Communism, Socialism, And Capitalism

The Nationalist Party in China was led by __________

Possible Answers:

Deng Xiaoping

Chiang Kai-Shek.

Emperor Hirohito.

Mao Zedong.

Pol Pot.

Correct answer:

Chiang Kai-Shek.

Explanation:

The Nationalist Party was led by Chiang Kai-Shek. During the Chinese Civil War the Nationalists faced off against the Communists, led by Mao Zedong. The Nationalists were eventually defeated and set up government in Taiwan.

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