GED Social Studies : Alliances

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for GED Social Studies

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Alliances

Which of these countries was not a member of the Axis Powers in World War Two?

Possible Answers:

All of these nations were members of the Axis Powers

The Soviet Union

Japan

Italy

Germany

Correct answer:

The Soviet Union

Explanation:

In World War Two, the Axis Powers were Germany, Japan, and Italy. They fought against the Allied Powers of Britain, France, the United States, and the Soviet Union.

Example Question #2 : Alliances

The Potsdam Conference was __________

Possible Answers:

the meeting in which the treaty ending the Korean War in a stalemate was signed.

convened to divide the territories of Africa among the various Imperialist European powers.

the last wartime meeting between the Soviet Union, Britain, and the United States during World War Two.

abandoned following a series of terrorist attacks.

the first meeting of democratic Russia and the United States after the fall of the Soviet Union.

Correct answer:

the last wartime meeting between the Soviet Union, Britain, and the United States during World War Two.

Explanation:

The Potsdam Conference took place in occupied Germany during the waning days of the Second World War. It was attended by all the Allied Powers, although focus tends to go towards President Truman, representing the United States, Josef Stalin, representing the Soviet Union, and Prime Ministers Winston Churchill and later Clement Attlee, representing Great Britain. The Allied Powers met to decide how to punish Germany and how to rebuild the world after the war.

Example Question #3 : Alliances

In the system of alliances that arose immediately prior to World War I, which group of countries formed the Triple Entente?

Possible Answers:

Germany, Italy, and Japan

Russia, France, and the United Kingdom

Germany, Austria, and the Ottoman Empire

France, Spain, and Italy

The United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, and the United States

Correct answer:

Russia, France, and the United Kingdom

Explanation:

The Triple Entente, entente meaning "friendship" in French, was cemented by the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907. The French and Russians had already entered into an alliance in 1894, while the UK and Frace had put an end to centuries of imperial animosity in 1904. In addition to ending competition between the three constituent powers, the alliance that formed on the basis of the agreements provided for military cooperation as well. The Triple Entente also came about as a geo-political counterweight to the power wielded over Central Europe by the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. The web of alliances that spread over most of Europe has long been thought to have been one of the precipitating factors that led to the spread of war across the continent in WWI. 

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