European History : War and Civil Conflict

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : War And Civil Conflict

What was the most significant outcome of the Battle of Waterloo?

Possible Answers:

None of these

The death of Napoleon Bonaparte

The formal surrender of Prussian forces to Napoleon Bonaparte

The defeat and exile of Napoleon Bonaparte

Correct answer:

The defeat and exile of Napoleon Bonaparte

Explanation:

The Battle of Waterloo, one of the most famous battles in history, was the final defeat of Napoleon Bonaparte by a joint force under the command of Generals Arthur Wellesley and Gebhard von Blucher (who were British and Prussian, respectively). The campaign began when Napoleon returned from his initial exile on the Island of Elba in 1815. After Waterloo, Napoleon would again be exiled, but this time to the much more distant island of St. Helena and under much tighter security. After his second exile Napoleon Bonaparte never regained his power or status.

Example Question #2 : War And Civil Conflict

Between which two nations was the Seven Years War fought?

Possible Answers:

France and Britain

Britain and Spain

Britain and Prussia

France and Prussia

Correct answer:

France and Britain

Explanation:

The Seven Years’ War took place from 1756 until 1763 between the French and British Empires. It was fought all over the world, as at this time the colonial possessions of Britain and France were nearly everywhere. The war ended with British victory and in America resulted in the complete loss of French possessions in Canada and the North. This would have significant consequences, providing the motivation and circumstance for revolution. It also gave the British control of French holdings on the Indian subcontinent. The Seven Years War thus, while being a European War, had truly global consequences.

Example Question #3 : War And Civil Conflict

During which crusade did the Sack of Constantinople occur?

Possible Answers:

First

Fifth

Fourth

Second

Third

Correct answer:

Fourth

Explanation:

The Fourth Crusade lasted from 1202 to 1204. The crusaders entered into an agreement with Byzantine prince Alexios Angelos. The crusaders made a deal to help reinstate his father as emperor of Constantinope, and the Byzantines would offer them payment and military support.

The crusaders were successful in holding up their side of the bargain, but in 1204 the emperor was deposed and the crusaders did not receive their end of the bargain. Following this, the crusaders decided to conquer the city outright.

Example Question #4 : War And Civil Conflict

What was the name of the 1919 Treaty that was signed shortly after the end of World War I, forcing Germany to disarm, concede large amounts of territory, and pay extensive war reparations?

Possible Answers:

Tripartite Pact

Potsdam Agreement

Treaty of Versailles

Treaty of Paris

Treaty of Nantes

Correct answer:

Treaty of Versailles

Explanation:

The Treaty of Versailles (1919) officially marked the end of WWI between Germany and the Allied Powers.

As part of the treaty, Germany (and her allies to a lesser extent) was to take sole responsibility for causing all of the damage and destruction of the Great War. Germany was required to give up extensive land rights, disarm their military, and pay reparations totaling what would amount to US $442 billion in today's terms.

Example Question #5 : War And Civil Conflict

In which city were the famous trials for Nazi war criminals held after the end of World War II?

Possible Answers:

Prague

Nuremberg

Zurich

Warsaw

Amsterdam

Correct answer:

Nuremberg

Explanation:

The Nuremberg trials were a famous set of 13 trials held between 1945 and 1949 with the purpose of prosecuting Nazi war criminals. They were held in the German city of Nuremberg.

Some well-known Nazi figures that were tried in Nuremberg were Hermann Goering, Rudolf Hess, Wilhelm Keitel, Albert Speer, and Joachim von Ribbentrop.

Example Question #6 : War And Civil Conflict

During World War I, the Triple Entente alliance originally consisted of ____________________.

Possible Answers:

France, Italy, and Russia

France, Russia, and Great Britain

The U.S., France, and Russia

Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Italy

Germany, Russia, and Great Britain

Correct answer:

France, Russia, and Great Britain

Explanation:

The Triple Entente was the alliance originally formed between France, Russia, and Great Britain to stand against the Triple Alliance of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. This complex alliance system became the political powder-keg that would explode into World War I after the assassination of the Archduke of Austria, Franz Ferdinand. The other answers are incorrect combinations of allied and enemy nations.

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