European History : Hierarchy and Social Class

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Hierarchy And Social Class

Which of these statements accurately describes the state of income disparity in Vladimir Putin's time as the ruler of Russia (as both Prime Minister and President)?

Possible Answers:

The gap between the wealthy and poor has widened dramatically as the funding of basic social services has been slashed

The gap between the wealthy and poor has remained stable

The gap between the wealthy and poor has shrunk dramatically as the funding of basic social services has increased

The gap between the wealthy and the poor has increased slightly

Correct answer:

The gap between the wealthy and poor has widened dramatically as the funding of basic social services has been slashed

Explanation:

It was actually Vladimir Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks and later the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, who mandated that schooling be carried out in whichever native language was familiar to the students in that part of the wide-ranging Soviet empire. During Putin’s reign the gap between the wealthy and the poor has widened dramatically. Putin has, infamously, enriched the oligarchs of Russia at the expense of the rest of society. Universal healthcare has been in place in the Russian Federation since 1996, three years before Putin took office.

Example Question #2 : Hierarchy And Social Class

Which is the correct hierarchy (from lowest to highest) of the feudalist system from the Medieval Period?

Possible Answers:

King, knights, barons, peasants

Peasants, knights, barons, king

Barons, peasants, knights, king

Knights, peasants, barons, king

Peasants, barons, knights, king

Correct answer:

Peasants, knights, barons, king

Explanation:

In the medieval feudalist system, the king allowed barons to preside over parts of his land, with knights underneath them for protection. At the bottom of the hierarchy, peasants farmed the land, giving a percentage of their crops to the higher ranks in return for protection.

Example Question #3 : Hierarchy And Social Class

Which of the following was the name of the ruling class in the Roman Republic?

Possible Answers:

Aristocracy

Patricians

The Third Estate

The Fourth Estate

Plebeians

Correct answer:

Patricians

Explanation:

The Patricians was the name of the ruling class in the Roman Republic, so that would be the correct answer. The Plebeians was the name of the citizen-commoners in the Republic, so that would not be the correct answer. Aristocracy was not a term that denoted a social class in the Republic, so that would not be the best answer here. The Fourth Estate is a moniker given to the free press, so that would also not be a good answer. Lastly, the Third Estate referred to the French working class before the French Revolution, so that too would not be the best answer here.

Example Question #4 : Hierarchy And Social Class

Which of the following had the most impact on the growth of the middle class in Europe?

Possible Answers:

The French Revolution

The Renaissance

The end of feudalism 

The revolutions of 1848

The rise of colonialism

Correct answer:

The end of feudalism 

Explanation:

Under feudalism, the nobility owned the land, and the common people (serfs) were required to work their lords' land. The end of feudalism allowed the common people to own their own land and pursue trades, which led to the growth of a middle class.  

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