European History : European Expansion

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : European Expansion

What year did Vikings first land on the shores of Britain?

Possible Answers:

793

1209

1175

1066

876

Correct answer:

793

Explanation:

The first Viking raiding party to land in England occurred in 793 AD in the town of Lindisfarne. Lindisfarne was an island inhabited mainly by monks in a monastery. The monks were either killed or taken away as slaves.

This event marked the beginning of the Viking migration which culminated with William the Conqueror successfully invading Britain in 1066, almost 300 years later.

Example Question #2 : European Expansion

Which of the following was the treaty that divided the newly discovered lands outside of Europe between Spain and Portugal?

Possible Answers:

The Treaty of Versailles

The Treaty of Paris

The Treaty of Tordesillas

The Geneva Convention

Correct answer:

The Treaty of Tordesillas

Explanation:

The Geneva Convention refers to a series of treaties about humane treatment during wartime, so that would not be the best answer here. The Treaty of Paris was between America and Great Britain and it ended the Revolutionary War, so that too would not be the best answer choice. The Treaty of Versailles was one of the agreements that ended World War I, so that would not be the correct answer to the question. Lastly, the Treaty of Tordesillas divided the newly discovered non-European lands between Spain and Portugal, so that would be the best answer.

Example Question #3 : European Expansion

Which of the following countries was the first to establish a colonial empire?

Possible Answers:

Portugal

Spain

France

The Netherlands

England

Correct answer:

Portugal

Explanation:

The Kingdom of Portugal began exploring the coast of Africa and the Atlantic archipelagos in the early 1400s. As the Portuguese explored new lands, they established forts and trading posts, the first markers of colonialism. They were followed by the Spanish and the English later in the fifteenth century. 

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