European History : Domestic and Foreign Policies

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for European History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Domestic And Foreign Policies

What was the primary goal of Mikhail Gorbachev's "glasnost" policy reforms?

Possible Answers:

To ease tension with the United States by disarming the USSR's nuclear arsenal

None of these

To provide transparency by loosening restrictions on the press and the free speech of citizens

To restructure the economy in order to move away from a completely state-run model

Correct answer:

To provide transparency by loosening restrictions on the press and the free speech of citizens

Explanation:

The Soviet policy of glasnost was initiated in 1985 and was designed to provide openness and transparency in government by loosening the previously tight restrictions on freedom of the press. It was accompanied by perestroika, a restructuring of the Soviet economy to provide rudimentary moves away from a totally state-run economy.

Example Question #2 : Domestic And Foreign Policies

The Final Solution was _________________.

Possible Answers:

the name of the mission to launch atomic bombs at Japan during World War II

Hitler's plan to win World War II

the peace treaty Germany signed when it surrendered to the Allie's following World War II

the Allies' plan of attack for pushing into Germany during World War II

Hitler's plan to eradicate all Jewish and non-Aryan people from Germany

Correct answer:

Hitler's plan to eradicate all Jewish and non-Aryan people from Germany

Explanation:

The Final Solution was Hitler's plan to eradicate all Jewish and non-Aryan people from Germany (and German-conquered regions of Europe). It included concentration camps, mass extermination, and forced labor. 

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