Computer Science : Run Time Errors

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Computer Science

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Run Time Errors

Consider the following code:

Object[] objects = new Object[20];

for(int i = 0; i < objects.length; i++) {

     switch(i % 4) {

     case 0:

          objects[i] = new Integer(i + 3);

          break;

     case 1:

          objects[i] = "This val: " + i;

          break;

     case 2:

          objects[i] = new Double(i * 4.4);

          break;

     case 3:

          objects[i] = "That val: " + (i*12);

          break;

     }

}

String s = (String)objects[8];

System.out.println(s);

What is the error in the code above?

Possible Answers:

There will be a ClassCastException thrown.

There is an array overrun.

There are no errors.

There will be a NullPointerException.

You cannot assign various types to the array in that manner.

Correct answer:

There will be a ClassCastException thrown.

Explanation:

In order to understand the error in this code, you must understand what the loop is doing. It is assigning variable types to the array of Object objects based upon the remainder of dividing the loop control variable i by 4. You thus get a repeating pattern:

Integer, String, Double, String, Integer, String, Double, String, . . .

Now, index 8 will be an Integer (for it has a remainder of 0). This means that when you do the type cast to a String, you will receive a TypeCastException for the line reading:

String s = (String)objects[8];

Example Question #1 : Run Time Errors

public static int[][] doWork(int[][] a, int[][] b) {

       int[][] ret = new int[a.length][a[0].length];

       for(int i = 0; i < a.length; i++) {

              for(int j = 0; j < a[i].length; j++) {

                     ret[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];

              }

       }

       return ret;

}

In the code above, what is the potential error that will not be caught on the following line?

ret[i][j] = a[i][j] + b[i][j];

Possible Answers:

The code is fine as it is written

The arrays may contain null values

The array a may be set to null

The arrays may not be initialized

The array could go out of bounds

Correct answer:

The array could go out of bounds

Explanation:

At this point of the code, it is not possible for a or b to be null. Furthermore, these arrays cannot contain null values, for they are made up of primitive types (int types). These cannot be set to null, as they are not objects. The potential error here is a little bit abstruse, but it is important to note. There is one possible error, namely that the 2D arrays are "ragged"; however we don't need to worry about this for the exam. Still, it is also possible that the array b (presuming that it is not null) is not the same size as the array a. Since we are using a to set our loop counts, this could potentially mean that we overrun the array b by using index values that are too large. (Note, it is also possible that b could be null, causing an error; however, there are no answer choices for that possibility.)

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