Common Core: 5th Grade English Language Arts : Compare and Contrast Two or More Characters, Settings, or Events: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.3

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All Common Core: 5th Grade English Language Arts Resources

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Compare And Contrast Two Or More Characters, Settings, Or Events: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Rl.5.3

Passage 1: Passage and illustrations adapted from "How Sun, Moon, and Wind Went Out to Dinner" in Indian Fairy Tales (1892; ed. Joseph Jacobs, illus. John D. Batten)

Image "Common Core Fifth Grade CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.3 - Compare and Contrast Two or More Characters, Settings, or Events  - Image 1" adapted from "How Sun, Moon, and Wind Went Out to Dinner" in Indian Fairy Tales (ed. Joseph Jacobs, illustrator John D. Batten, 1892 ed.).

Image "Common Core Fifth Grade CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5.3 - Compare and Contrast Two or More Characters, Settings, or Events  - Image 2" adapted from "How Sun, Moon, and Wind Went Out to Dinner" in Indian Fairy Tales (ed. Joseph Jacobs, illustrator John D. Batten, 1892 ed.).

Common core fifth grade ccss.ela literacy.rl.5.3   compare and contrast two or more characters  settings  or events    image 1

Common core fifth grade ccss.ela literacy.rl.5.3   compare and contrast two or more characters  settings  or events    image 2ne day Sun, Moon, and Wind went out to dine with their uncle and aunts Thunder and Lightning. Their mother (one of the most distant Stars you see far up in the sky) waited alone for her children's return.

Now both Sun and Wind were greedy and selfish. They enjoyed the great feast that had been prepared for them, without a thought of saving any of it to take home to their mother—but the gentle Moon did not forget her. Of every dainty dish that was brought round, she placed a small portion under one of her beautiful long finger-nails, that Star might also have a share in the treat.

On their return, their mother, who had kept watch for them all night long with her little bright eye, said, "Well, children, what have you brought home for me?" Then Sun (who was eldest) said, "I have brought nothing home for you. I went out to enjoy myself with my friends—not to fetch a dinner for my mother!" And Wind said, "Neither have I brought anything home for you, mother. You could hardly expect me to bring a collection of good things for you, when I merely went out for my own pleasure." But Moon said, "Mother, fetch a plate, see what I have brought you." And shaking her hands she showered down such a choice dinner as never was seen before.

Then Star turned to Sun and spoke thus, "Because you went out to amuse yourself with your friends, and feasted and enjoyed yourself, without any thought of your mother at home—you shall be cursed. Henceforth, your rays shall ever be hot and scorching, and shall burn all that they touch. And men shall hate you, and cover their heads when you appear."

(And that is why the Sun is so hot to this day.)

Then she turned to Wind and said, "You also who forgot your mother in the midst of your selfish pleasures—hear your doom. You shall always blow in the hot dry weather, and shall parch and shrivel all living things. And men shall detest and avoid you from this very time."

(And that is why the Wind in the hot weather is still so disagreeable.)

But to Moon she said, "Daughter, because you remembered your mother, and kept for her a share in your own enjoyment, from henceforth you shall be ever cool, and calm, and bright. No noxious glare shall accompany your pure rays, and men shall always call you 'blessed.'"

(And that is why the moon's light is so soft, and cool, and beautiful even to this day.)

This story contrasts Sun and Wind against Moon. In which of the following respects do Sun and Wind differ from Moon in this story?

Possible Answers:

Whether or not they attend dinner

Whether or not they save food for their mother

Whether or not they are invited to dinner

Whether or not they invite their mother to a dinner party

Correct answer:

Whether or not they save food for their mother

Explanation:

This question is asking you to figure out how Sun and Wind are different from Moon in this passage. Let's skim over the story to figure out where Sun and Wind do one thing and Moon does something different, or where Sun and Wind have something happen to them that does not happen to Moon.

In the second paragraph, we see that Moon does something that Sun and Wind do not:

Now both Sun and Wind were greedy and selfish. They enjoyed the great feast that had been prepared for them, without a thought of saving any of it to take home to their mother—but the gentle Moon did not forget her. Of every dainty dish that was brought round, she placed a small portion under one of her beautiful long finger-nails, that Star might also have a share in the treat.

Here, we see that Moon saves some food from the dinner for her mother, but Sun and Wind do not save any for her. This observation matches the answer choice that Sun and Wind differ from Moon in "whether or not they save food for their mother," which is the correct answer.

All Common Core: 5th Grade English Language Arts Resources

1 Diagnostic Test 25 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept
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