Common Core: 4th Grade English Language Arts : Interpret and Explain how Information Presented Visually, Orally, or Quantitatively Contributes to Understanding: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4.7

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Interpret And Explain How Information Presented Visually, Orally, Or Quantitatively Contributes To Understanding: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.4.7

A Look Into Space

Did you know that we used to think that there were nine planets that made up the solar system? Up until 2006, Pluto was considered to be the ninth planet and was located furthest away from the sun in our solar system. However, since 2006 Pluto has been considered to be a “dwarf planet” because it is too small to be considered a planet. Now that Pluto is not considered a planet, only eight planets are left to make up our solar system. The order of the planets from the sun is as follows: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. 

Mercury is the planet closest to the sun; however, can you believe that Mercury is not the planet with the hottest temperatures in our solar system? Well, believe it because Venus is the planet with the highest temperatures! The only award that sets Mercury apart from any other planet in the solar system is that it is the smallest planet. 

Earth is the planet where you and I live. Earth is the only planet currently known to be the home of living things. However, Mars does show some signs that there may be water on the planet, which is necessary for living things to grow and live on Mars. Maybe one day we will learn that aliens really do live on Mars!

Jupiter is the largest planet is the solar system, but it has the shortest days out of all of the planets because it turns so quickly. A day on Earth is 24 hours long, but a day on Jupiter is less than 10 hours long and a day on Saturn is just over 10 hours long. If we lived on Jupiter or Saturn, then we would spend most of the day in school! 

Uranus is not the furthest planet from the sun, but it is the coldest. Even though Uranus is the coldest planet, Neptune might have the worst weather. One storm on Neptune lasted for about 5 years! Could you imagine a storm lasting for 5 years on Earth? 

One fun thing about science is that we are always learning something new because science can change. We could learn more unknown, fun facts about the solar system in the future! 

Based on the order of the planets, which planet would you assume would be the warmest? 

Possible Answers:

Mercury

Venus

Mars

Earth

Correct answer:

Mercury

Explanation:

This question is asking us to make an assumption, which mean the answer won't be found directly in the next. We will have to use details from the text to make our assumption. 

The first paragraph gives us the order of the planets from the sun. "The order of the planets from the sun is as follows: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune."

Though we are later told that Venus is the warmest planet, one would assume that Mercury would be the warmest planet because it is the closest planet to the sun. Mercury is the correct answer. 

Example Question #1 : Interpret And Explain How Information Presented Visually, Orally, Or Quantitatively Contributes To Understanding: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.4.7

Passage and table adapted from "Why Leaves Change Color" on "Northeastern Area," a website by the USDA Forest Service. <https://www.na.fs.fed.us/fhp/pubs/leaves/leaves.shtm>.

There are two main types of trees: coniferous trees and deciduous trees. Coniferous trees have small, needle-like leaves. They keep these leaves all year. One example of a coniferous tree is a pine tree, which has green needles during all seasons. In contrast, deciduous trees lose their leaves every autumn. Before these leaves drop and blow away, they change from green to colors like red, orange, yellow, and brown.

Have you ever wondered why deciduous leaves change color in the fall? This color change is caused by a chemical process in the cells of tree leaves.

Green leaves are green because they contain a green molecule, chlorophyll. This is a very important molecule in the natural world. Leaves use this molecule to turn carbon dioxide, sunlight, and water into sugar and oxygen in a process called “photosynthesis.” So, chlorophyll lets the plant store energy as sugar, which it can use as food. It also lets the plant provide food for anything that eats it, like a cow, a bird, or even a human! 

So, what does chlorophyll, a green molecule, have to do with autumn leaf colors? Deciduous leaves also contain molecules of other colors, but the chlorophyll in the leaves covers them up in the summer. In the fall, deciduous trees stop making chlorophyll. Eventually there is no more chlorophyll in their leaves. The colors of the other molecules show through. The colors of these other molecules are the colors we see in autumn leaves. The next time you see colorful leaves in the fall, you’ll know more about the chemistry at work!

Which of the following would you expect to be listed in the left column of the table in a horizontal row with the color “Green” in the right column of the table?

Possible Answers:

A pine tree

Moss

A deciduous tree

No tree would be listed with “green” in the right column of the table

Correct answer:

A pine tree

Explanation:

This question is asking us what we could expect to find in a hypothetical entry in the presented table. Specifically, it is asking which answer choice you would be most likely to find associated with "Green" as an entry in the right column of the table.

"A deciduous tree" doesn't make any sense based on what we learn in the passage. The right column is labeled "Color of Leaves in Fall," and in the passage, we learn that deciduous trees' leaves turn from green to other colors in the fall when they stop making chlorophyll.

On the other hand, "moss" can't be the correct answer either. While moss is green, it is not a "Type of Tree," and that's what the left column of the table is labeled. So, we need to pick out an answer choice that is both a type of tree and a tree that we would expect to remain green in the fall. While "No tree would be listed with 'green' in the right column of the table" might seem like a good answer, the best answer is "A pine tree." Why is this? In the first paragraph of the passage, it states, "One example of a coniferous tree is a pine tree, which has green needles during all seasons." A pine tree is both a type of tree and something that remains green in the autumn, so it is the correct answer.

Example Question #2 : Interpret And Explain How Information Presented Visually, Orally, Or Quantitatively Contributes To Understanding: Ccss.Ela Literacy.Ri.4.7

Passage and table adapted from "Why Leaves Change Color" on "Northeastern Area," a website by the USDA Forest Service. <https://www.na.fs.fed.us/fhp/pubs/leaves/leaves.shtm>.

There are two main types of trees: coniferous trees and deciduous trees. Coniferous trees have small, needle-like leaves. They keep these leaves all year. One example of a coniferous tree is a pine tree, which has green needles during all seasons. In contrast, deciduous trees lose their leaves every autumn. Before these leaves drop and blow away, they change from green to colors like red, orange, yellow, and brown.

Have you ever wondered why deciduous leaves change color in the fall? This color change is caused by a chemical process in the cells of tree leaves.

Green leaves are green because they contain a green molecule, chlorophyll. This is a very important molecule in the natural world. Leaves use this molecule to turn carbon dioxide, sunlight, and water into sugar and oxygen in a process called “photosynthesis.” So, chlorophyll lets the plant store energy as sugar, which it can use as food. It also lets the plant provide food for anything that eats it, like a cow, a bird, or even a human! 

So, what does chlorophyll, a green molecule, have to do with autumn leaf colors? Deciduous leaves also contain molecules of other colors, but the chlorophyll in the leaves covers them up in the summer. In the fall, deciduous trees stop making chlorophyll. Eventually there is no more chlorophyll in their leaves. The colors of the other molecules show through. The colors of these other molecules are the colors we see in autumn leaves. The next time you see colorful leaves in the fall, you’ll know more about the chemistry at work!

How does the information presented in the table relate to the information presented in the passage?

Possible Answers:

The passage explains what photosynthesis is, and the table explains the different stages of photosynthesis.

The passage talks about the process of leaf color change, and the table provides specific examples of the different colors different trees’ leaves turn.

The passage lists the different colors trees turn, and the table explains why they each turn different colors.

The passage provides a long list of trees and states whether they are coniferous or deciduous, and the table explains the difference between coniferous and deciduous trees.

Correct answer:

The passage talks about the process of leaf color change, and the table provides specific examples of the different colors different trees’ leaves turn.

Explanation:

The passage describes the difference between two types of trees, coniferous and deciduous. It then goes on to explain how the relationship between amounts of different molecules causes deciduous trees' leaves to change color in the fall. How does this information compare to the data that the table presents? The table consists of two columns. One is labeled "Type of Tree," and the other is labeled "Color of Leaves in Fall." This table associates different types of trees with the different colors their leaves turn in the fall. 

What can we say about how the passage and the table relate?

"The passage explains what photosynthesis is, and the table explains the different stages of photosynthesis." - The passage explains what photosynthesis is, but the table doesn't have anything to do with explaining the different stages of photosynthesis. So, this answer is not correct.

"The passage provides a long list of trees and states whether they are coniferous or deciduous, and the table explains the difference between coniferous and deciduous trees." - Nowhere in the passage do we find a long list of trees and information about whether they are coniferous or deciduous. The passage only provides one example when it states, "One example of a coniferous tree is a pine tree." 

"The passage lists the different colors trees turn, and the table explains why they each turn different colors." - This is not the correct answer. The passage does not list different colors trees turn, and the table does not explain why different trees turn different colors.

"The passage talks about the process of leaf color change, and the table provides specific examples of the different colors different trees’ leaves turn." - This is the correct answer! The passage talks about the process of leaf color change because it explains how it is caused by amounts of different chemicals that relate to one another differently during different parts of the year. The table provides specific examples by listing different kinds of trees and the specific color that each kind of tree's leaves turn in the fall.

All Common Core: 4th Grade English Language Arts Resources

1 Diagnostic Test 28 Practice Tests Question of the Day Flashcards Learn by Concept
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