College Algebra : Linear Systems with Three Variables

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for College Algebra

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Linear Systems With Three Variables

Solve this system of equations.

Possible Answers:

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

, ,

Correct answer:

, ,

Explanation:

Equation 1:

Equation 2:

Equation 3:

Adding the terms of the first and second equations together will yield .

Then, add that to the third equation so that the y and z terms are eliminated. You will get .

This tells us that x = 1. Plug this x = 1 back into the systems of equations.

Now, we can do the rest of the problem by using the substitution method. We'll take the third equation and use it to solve for y.

Plug this y-equation into the first equation (or second equation; it doesn't matter) to solve for z.

We can use this z value to find y

So the solution set is x = 1, y = 2, and z = –5/3.

Example Question #134 : Equations

What is a solution to this system of equations:

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Step 1: Multiply first equation by 2 and add the result to the second equation. The result is:

  

Step 2: Multiply first equation by 3 and add the result to the third equation. The result is:

Step 3: Multiply second equation by 23 and add the result to the third equation. The result is:

 
Step 4: solve for z.
 
 
Step 5: solve for y.

Step 6: solve for x by substituting y=2 and z=1 into the first equation.

Example Question #2 : Linear Systems With Three Variables

Solve the following system of equations for a, b, and c.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve the equations we want to try to cancel out some of the letters to reduce the equations. We can do this by adding different equations to each other. If we add:

we get a new equation, 

.

We can also add 

to get .

So we can rearrange the new equations to get

and substitute these into the original second line equation:

Then we can solve for b and c:

Example Question #3 : Linear Systems With Three Variables

Solve the following system of equations:

Possible Answers:

 

Correct answer:

Explanation:

 

Add the first and third equations together, to eliminate z:

   

This yields the following: 

Divide out a 2, to simplify the equation: 

Plug this value back into the first equation: 

Solve for z:

Add the first and second equations together to eliminate y:

+

This yields the following: 

Divide out a 3 to simplify the equation: 

Plug in the value for z:

Solve for x: 

Plug the values for x and z into the first equation: 

Simplify: 

Solve for y:

Make sure the values for x,y, and z satisfy all of the equations:

 

 

 

Solution:     

 

 

Example Question #4 : Linear Systems With Three Variables

Determine the value of y:  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Add the first two equations to eliminate the y and z-variable.

Using the value of x, with the first and third equations, we will need to eliminate the z-variable to solve for y.

Multiply the top equation by three.

Subtract both equations.

Divide both sides by two.

The answer is:  

Example Question #5 : Linear Systems With Three Variables

Consider the system of linear equations

Describe the system.

Possible Answers:

The system is consistent and independent.

The system is linearly dependent.

The system is inconsistent.

The system is coincident dependent.

Correct answer:

The system is consistent and independent.

Explanation:

The given system has as many variables as equations, which makes it possible to have exactly one solution.

One way to identify the solution set is to use Gauss-Jordan elimination on the augmented coefficient matrix

Perform operations on the rows, with the object of rendering this matrix in reduced row-echelon form.

First, a 1 is wanted in Row 1, Column 1. This is already the case, so 0's are wanted elsewhere in Column 1. Do this using the row operation:

Next, a 1 is wanted in Row 2, Column 2. This is already the case, so 0's are wanted elsewhere in Column 2. Do this using the row operations:

Next, a 1 is wanted in Row 3, Column 3.Perform the operation

Now, 0's are wanted in the rest of Column 3:

The matrix is in the desired form and can be interpreted to mean that the system has one and only one solution - . This makes the system consistent and independent.

Example Question #6 : Linear Systems With Three Variables

Solve the equations for , , and .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve the system of linear equations, first isolate the equations with  and  to help solve for . This will include substitution.

Now that  is known it can be substituted back into the third equation to solve for .

Lastly, substitute  into the first equation and solve for .

Therefore, the solution to this system is

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