College Algebra : Linear Inequalities

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for College Algebra

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Linear Inequalities

Solve the following inequality.

.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To solve this inequality, we treat is a a regular equation. First, we add 8 to both sides.

.

We now divide both sides by 2 to get 

.

Example Question #2 : Linear Inequalities

Solve:  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

To evaluate, we will need to multiply both sides by one-fifth.

The sign does not need to be switched unless we multiply or divide by a negative value.

The answer is:  

Example Question #3 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon solving for x, we find that x is larger than -2.  The left-hand term of the interval is -2 since it is the lower bound for our set, and it has a parenthesis around it because it is not included in our set (-2 is not greater than -2).  The right-hand term of the interval is positive infinity because any number larger than -2 is in the set.  There is always a parenthesis around infinity or negative infinity.

Example Question #4 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon solving for x, we find that x is less than or equal to 5.  The left-hand term of the interval is negative infinity since any number less than 5 is in our set, and infinity always has a parenthesis around it.  The right-hand term of the interval is 5 since it is the upper bound of our set.  There is a bracket around it because 5 is included in our set (5 is less than or equal to 5).

Example Question #5 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon expanding and solving for x, we find that x is greater than -1.  The left-hand term of the interval is -1 since it is the lower bound of our set, and has a parenthesis around it because it is not in our set (-1 is not greater than -1).  The right-hand term of the interval is infinity because any number larger than -1 is in our set, and there is always a parenthesis around infinity.

Example Question #6 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon solving for x, we find that 8 is less than or equal to x which is less than or equal to 10, or x is greater than or equal to 8 AND x is less than or equal to 10.  The left-hand term of our interval is 8 since it is the lower bound for our set, and there is a bracket around it since it is in our set (8 is greater than or equal to 8).  The right-hand term of our interval is 10 since it is the upper bound for our set, and there is also a bracket around it since it is in our set (10 is less than or equal to 10).

Example Question #7 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon solving for x, we find that 1 is less than x which is less than or equal to 5, or x is greater than 1 AND x is less than or equal to 5.  The left-hand term of our interval is 1 since it is the lower bound for our set, and there is a parenthesis around it since it is not in our set (1 is not greater than 1).  The right-hand term of our interval is 5 since it is the upper bound for our set, and there is a bracket around it since it is in our set (5 is less than or equal to 5).  Remember when dividing or multiplying an inequality by a negative number to switch the direction of the inequalities.

Example Question #8 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon solving for x, we find that -1 is less than or equal to x which is less than 2, or x is greater than or equal to -1 AND x is less than 2.  The left-hand term of our interval is -1 since it is the lower bound for our set, and there is a bracket around it since it is in our set (-1 is greater than or equal to -1).  The right-hand term of our interval is 2 since it is the upper bound for our set, and there is a parenthesis around it since it is not in our set (2 is not less than 2).  Remember when dividing or multiplying an inequality by a negative number to switch the direction of the inequalities.

Example Question #9 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

   or   

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon solving for x, we find that x is less than or equal to -2 OR x is greater than 1. Since x may be in either of those sets, we must take the union of the sets.  The first interval begins with negative infinity, since x can be anything less than -2.  The first interval ends at -2 and includes it in the set, so there is a bracket around it.  We join this interval with the second interval beginning with 1, and there is a parenthesis around 1 since it is not in the set.  The second interval ends with infinity since any number larger than 1 is in our set. There are always parenthesis around infinities.

Example Question #10 : Linear Inequalities

Express the following linear inequality in interval notation.

  or  

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Upon solving for x, we find that x is less than or equal to -7/2 OR x is greater than or equal to 1/2. Since x may be in either of those sets, we must take the union of the sets.  The first interval begins with negative infinity, since x can be anything less than -7/2.  The first interval ends at -7/2 and includes it in the set, so there is a bracket around it.  We join this interval with the second interval beginning with 1/2, and there is a bracket around 1/2 since it is in the set.  The second interval ends with infinity since any number larger than 1/2 is in our set. There are always parenthesis around infinities.

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