CLEP Humanities : Understanding Terminology That Describes Twentieth-Century Nonfiction and Philosophy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for CLEP Humanities

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Nonfiction And Philosophy

Which of the following is NOT a distinguishing feature of analytic philosophy?

Possible Answers:

A focus on philosophical details

A clarification of logic

Logical analysis

The positing of logical problems

Grand philosophical theories

Correct answer:

Grand philosophical theories

Explanation:

Analytic philosophy refers to a school of philosophy that grew in England during the early part of the twentieth century, thanks to thinkers such as Bertrand Russell and G.E. Moore. Analytical philosophy is so-called because of its focus on logical clarification, an analysis of logic itself, and the positing of logical problems. Analytical philosophy, in contrast to so-called Continental philosophy, also rejects grand sweeping philosophical systems or theories and focuses on the small details of philosophical problems.

Example Question #1 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Twentieth Century Nonfiction And Philosophy

What is the philosophical movement most closely identified with the American thinkers John Dewey, Charles Sanders Peirce, and William James?

Possible Answers:

Existentialism

Pragmatism

Essentialism

Transcendentalism

Anarchism

Correct answer:

Pragmatism

Explanation:

Charles Sanders Peirce is largely credited with developing and defining pragmatism in the late nineteenth century, and fittingly was a chemist. Pragmatists described thought not as mirroring reality, but as instead being used to fully predict and plan in problem solving. Peirce's ideas about pragmatism were picked up and built on by early-twentieth-century American thinkers like John Dewey and William James.

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