CLEP Humanities : Understanding Terminology That Describes Medieval 2D Visual Art

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for CLEP Humanities

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Example Questions

Example Question #6 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Fourteenth Through Sixteenth Century 2 D Art

A medieval painting composed of three separate pieces is known as a __________.

Possible Answers:

triptych

portrait

landscape

diptych

trilogy

Correct answer:

triptych

Explanation:

A triptych, from Greek words meaning "three fold," was often placed at the altar of medieval and early modern European churches. The paintings allowed for three separate scenes to be shown in one place, which allowed both the artist to depict three related topics and show the viewer a larger scene than one panel would allow. Triptychs were largely used for religious topics in the middle ages, but have remained a popular style up to the present day.

Example Question #5 : Understanding Terminology That Describes Fourteenth Through Sixteenth Century 2 D Art

In medieval religious art, a painting depicting the Madonna and Child feature which biblical figures?

Possible Answers:

The Virgin Mary and the Infant Jesus

Satan and the Whore of Babylon

Abraham and Sarah

John the Baptist and Jesus Christ

The Risen Christ and Mary Magdalene

Correct answer:

The Virgin Mary and the Infant Jesus

Explanation:

Among the most important and widely painted images in Medieval art were depictions of the Madonna and Child. These paintings, depicting the Virgin Mary and the infant Jesus, were meant to show the two holiest figures in Medieval Catholicism to the illiterate believers of the church in the middle ages.

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