CLEP Humanities : Identifying Artists, Works, and Schools of 2D Visual Art from the Twentieth Century

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for CLEP Humanities

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Example Questions

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Example Question #401 : 2 D Art

The artists Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Jasper Johns all belonged to what artistic movement?

Possible Answers:

Abstract Expressionism

Impressionism

Pop Art

Cubism

Dadaism

Correct answer:

Pop Art

Explanation:

Andy Warhol's most famous works are screen prints of familiar images, often in odd or bright colors. Jasper Johns appropriated national symbols in his paintings, but in altered forms. Roy Lichtenstein directly copied panels from comic books, down to the dialogue. All of these methods are representative of Pop Art, a 1950s and 60s artistic movement that sought to use popular forms and new technologies to change the nature of high art.

Example Question #402 : 2 D Art

Which of the following artists was not a painter known for cubist canvases?

Possible Answers:

Juan Gris

Fernand Leger

Amedeo Modigliani

Georges Braque

Pablo Picasso

Correct answer:

Amedeo Modigliani

Explanation:

Cubism burst onto the art scene in Paris in the first decade of the twentieth century, with various artists creating avant garde images based more on representative shapes and symbols rather than strict representations. Pablo Picasso, Juan Gris, Georges Braques, and Fernand Leger were among its most notable proponents. Amedeo Modigliani was a contemporary of the cubists, but worked in modernist approaches to portraits that featured elongated lines and dark colors.

Example Question #403 : 2 D Art

Which Pablo Picasso painting commemorates a gruesome bombing during the Spanish Civil War?

Possible Answers:

Les Demoiselles d'Avignon

Las Meninas

The Dream and Lie of Franco

Guernica

The Weeping Woman

Correct answer:

Guernica

Explanation:

During the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Franco's nationalist forces were supported by the German military led by the Nazis and Adolf Hitler. In one of the more notable aspects of the war, the German Air Force bombed the Spanish, Republican-held town of Guernica in 1937. That same year, Pablo Picasso made a massive canvas, entirely in black and white, that used gruesome abstract shapes and symbols to convey war's horrors and tragedies. The painting was instantly famous, and caused Picasso to be unable to travel to Franco's Spain.

Example Question #404 : Ap Art History

Salvador Dali belonged to what artistic school?

Possible Answers:

Pointillism

Impressionism

Abstract Expressionism

Cubism

Surrealism

Correct answer:

Surrealism

Explanation:

Salvador Dali's works were defined by realistic-looking objects placed in strange landscapes and weird positions. All of these are hallmarks of surrealism, which was influenced by the burgeoning field of psychotherapy, and drew on dreamlike imagery and situations. Dali helped pioneer surrealism, and remains one of its best-known artists.

Example Question #405 : Ap Art History

Peter Carl Fabergé is an influential artist known for what making what kind of art?

Possible Answers:

Minimalist photography

Landscape paintings

Ceramic eggs

Portraits of the Russian nobility

Sculpture

Correct answer:

Ceramic eggs

Explanation:

Fabergé is known for his ceramic eggs, also known as "Fabergé eggs," which were given as gifts to the Russian nobility during the early twentieth century.

Example Question #406 : Ap Art History

Guernica was painted by which of the following artists?

Possible Answers:

Claude Monet

Paul Cézanne

Edgar Degas

Salvador Dali

Pablo Picasso

Correct answer:

Pablo Picasso

Explanation:

Pablo Picasso painted Guernica in 1937 in response to Franco's fascist Spain.

Example Question #404 : 2 D Art

The American pop artist who created a piece of art based on the labels on the cans of a certain brand of soup was __________.

Possible Answers:

Andy Warhol

Mark Rothko

Jasper Johns

Jackson Pollack

Roy Lichtenstein

Correct answer:

Andy Warhol

Explanation:

Andy Warhol's 1962 series Campbell's Soup Cans was 32 separate screen-printed paintings of cans of Campbell's soup, each one depicting one of the different varieties Campbell offered at the time. The work featured many of Warhol's hallmarks, including screen-printing, repetition, and the use of commercial imagery. The work was Warhol's first well known piece, and helped launch his career, which would see him as a painter, filmmaker, art theorist, and screen-printer.

Example Question #405 : 2 D Art

The pop artist whose most famous works are large canvasses of images taken from comic books is __________.

Possible Answers:

Roy Lichtenstein

Robert Rauschenberg

David Hockney

Andy Warhol

Jasper Johns

Correct answer:

Roy Lichtenstein

Explanation:

Pop Art as a general movement sought to bring post-World War II American popular culture into high art. One of the more famous approaches to this was Roy Lichtenstein's appropriation of comic book imagery. Lichtenstein painted all of his canvases by hand, but would copy one frame from a comic, including shaded dots, dialogue bubbles, and weak colors, onto a large canvas.

Example Question #409 : Ap Art History

Who is the painter whose most famous work features clocks dripping over branches and other figures?

Possible Answers:

Salvador Dali

Joan Miró

Pablo Picasso

Luis Buñuel

Diego Rivera

Correct answer:

Salvador Dali

Explanation:

The Persistence of Memory, completed in 1931 and hanging in the Museum of Modern Art, is widely considered Salvador Dali's masterpiece. The canvas features many of Dali's surrealist hallmarks, with a strange landscape as the background of an image of clocks that appear to be melting over branches and ledges. Dali's work is considered emblematic of surrealism, which drew on Jungian dream theory to create strange images in artwork.

Example Question #411 : Ap Art History

Which of the following groupings of artists lists Cubists?

Possible Answers:

Salvador Dalí, Max Ernst, Joan Miró†

Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris

Jasper Johns, Robert Rauschenberg, Andy Warhol

Jackson Pollack, Wassily Kandinsky, Willem de Kooning

Paul Cézanne, Claude Monet, Edouard Manet

Correct answer:

Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, Juan Gris

Explanation:

Cubism was a modernist art movement that developed in Paris in the first decades of the twentieth century, by a community of multinational artists. The painters Pablo Picasso and George Braques first created the style, which featured images built out of harsh geometric shapes and used representational images to create broken depictions made up of peculiar shapes. Other important cubists included Fernand Léger, Juan Gris, Robert Delaunay, Jean Metzinger, and Henri Le Fauconnier.

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