CLEP Humanities : Identifying Architects, Buildings, and Schools of Modern Architecture

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for CLEP Humanities

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Example Questions

Example Question #81 : Visual Arts

The architectural movement of the early twentieth century that focused on modernism, simplicity, and a complete artistic cohesion among disciplines was __________.

Possible Answers:

Bauhaus

Socialist Realism

De Stijl

Expressionism

Beaux-Arts

Correct answer:

Bauhaus

Explanation:

The "Bauhaus," German for House of Construction, was a school of arts and architecture in the Weimar Period between the two World Wars. The school was so influential that it gave its name to an entire movement, focusing on modern design, efficiency, and a cohesive approach to art between architecture, design, and crafts.

Example Question #4 : Identifying Artists, Works, Or Schools Of Nineteenth Century Architecture

Beaux-Arts architecture in the United States is defined by all of the following features EXCEPT __________.

Possible Answers:

wide use of statuary

clean lines and shapes

a hierarchy of spaces

a flat roof

use of Baroque motifs

Correct answer:

clean lines and shapes

Explanation:

"Beaux-Arts" takes its name from the national art school in France, but describes a separate movement among architects in the United States from roughly 1880 to 1920. The movement was defined by a sweeping neoclassicism that used Baroque motifs, featured a hierarchy of spaces (making grand entryways more important than living areas), added ornate elements like statues and vaultings, and usually employed flat roofs on buildings. The Beaux-Arts style was surpassed by Modernist architecture that valued clean lines and functionality over design details.

Example Question #1 : Identifying Architects, Buildings, And Schools Of Modern Architecture

What design and architecture style is defined by a mix of traditional craft motifs with industrial processes?

Possible Answers:

Neoclassicist

Beaux-Arts

Modernist

Art Deco

Art Nouveau

Correct answer:

Art Deco

Explanation:

Art Deco was a thoroughly early-twentieth-century phenomenon in arts and architecture, as it blended machine-age construction with traditional craftwork aesthetics. The designs featured a great deal of metal with rich colors, bold geometric shapes, and distinct ornamentation. One of the most famous Art Deco buildings is the Chrysler Building in New York.

Example Question #2 : Identifying Architects, Buildings, And Schools Of Modern Architecture

The Chrysler Building is a chief example of what artistic movement?

Possible Answers:

Modernism

Futurism

Art Deco

Abstract Expressionism

Bauhaus

Correct answer:

Art Deco

Explanation:

The Chrysler Building in midtown Manhattan was the tallest building in the world for eleven months, spanning from its completion in May of 1930 to the completion of the Empire State Building. Apart from sheer size, the Chrysler building was also notable as a shining example of Art Deco design. The building's brick artifice, metal crown, and use of modern technological design all were exactly in line with Art Deco's chief features.

Example Question #83 : Visual Arts

Which of the following architects designed the landmark modern skyscraper the Seagram Building?

Possible Answers:

Frank Gehry

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

John Ruskin

Walter Gropius

Frank Lloyd Wright

Correct answer:

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Explanation:

The Seagram Building is one of the most significant modern buildings, and, as a skyscraper in Manhattan, one of the most visible. The building was designed by the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe as one of his first American commissions and was influential thanks to its modern, functional aesthetic. Van der Rohe desired to show the building's construction, but due to building codes had to create much of the "visible" construction.

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