CLEP Humanities : Analyzing the Content of Nineteenth-Century Nonfiction and Philosophy

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for CLEP Humanities

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Analyzing The Content Of Nineteenth Century Nonfiction And Philosophy

The philosophical concept of "the categorical imperative" is most closely associated with which thinker?

Possible Answers:

John Stuart Mill

Jeremy Bentham

Søren Kierkegaard

Immanuel Kant

Arthur Schopenhauer

Correct answer:

Immanuel Kant

Explanation:

Immanuel Kant was a profoundly influential philosopher who helped reshape philosophical trends in Europe around the turn of the eighteenth to the nineteenth century. Key to his thought was that moral imperatives needed to be absolute and grounded in reason. Kant referred to this imperative as the "categorical imperative," which was an argument that there is always an absolute moral right that should be followed.

Example Question #1 : Analyzing The Content Of Nineteenth Century Nonfiction And Philosophy

Which of the following authors wrote Democracy in America?

Possible Answers:

Baron von Hugel

John Adams

Alexis de Tocqueville

John Stuart Mill

Thomas Jefferson

Correct answer:

Alexis de Tocqueville

Explanation:

The French nobleman, Alexis de Tocqueville, came to the United States in 1831 ostensibly to study prison reform in the new nation. During his time in the United States, he took copious notes and undertook some travels to help him understand the newly formed democratic republic. After his return to Europe, he penned the text Democracy in America, which gave a kind of "outsider's look" at the new nation and its institutions.

Although written by a foreigner, it was quite perspicuous on many trends in American governance and culture. To this day, it remains a text that various political factions (of differing allegiances) quote seemingly to their own personal advantage. Though certainly "high level" and dated, it remains an important text for understanding the founding of the United States of America.

Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: