"During my first session with the student, I was able to get a feel for her German abilities and we worked together to identify areas for improvement. Although she is very modest, the student in fact speaks a good deal of German already, and indeed with a native speaker's accent. I determined that she was very skilled in greetings, small talk, telling the time and date, and especially using the vocabulary she knows intelligently in order to circumvent words she doesn't know yet. Even though the student is already a good speaker of German, she let me know that she has a lot of doubts regarding her capabilities, and it will be beneficial to her to review things from the bottom up, just so as to ensure that there are no gaps in her knowledge. We spent the second half of our session zeroing in on the concept of case in German. We discussed the four cases, their names, their primary grammatical function, and instances in which a noun must gain another letter or letters (either "(e)s" in the case of most masculine and neuter genitives or "(e)n" in the case of most plural datives). We discussed the inflections of the definite article in all cases and noted that the same form (e.g., "der" or "den") is sometimes used for completely different cases and genders. We briefly reviewed how to form the genitive of most proper nouns by adding an "s" (e.g., "Martha" becomes "Marthas," as in "Marthas Buch"), and how the genitive of other nouns, in contrast, follows the noun it modifies in modern German (e.g., "das Haus des Kindes" and not "des Kindes Haus"). We ended with a discussion of the cases required by certain prepositions, paying special attention to prepositions that can require either the accusative or dative depending on their relationship to the object of the preposition (e.g., "Peter legt das Buch auf DEN Tisch," but "Das Buch liegt auf DEM Tisch"). We plan to expand our discussion of case during our next session to include the inflection of adjectives based on the case and gender of the following noun."