California Teacher of English Learners (CTEL) : Phonology and Morphology

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for California Teacher of English Learners (CTEL)

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Example Question #1 : Phonology And Morphology

Which of the following provides the best definition of the term: "minimal pairs"?

Possible Answers:

Sets of three words in which only one phonological element is distinct

Sets of two words in which only one morphological element is distinct

Sets of two words in which only one phonological element is distinct

Sets of two words in which all but one phonological element are distinct

Correct answer:

Sets of two words in which only one phonological element is distinct

Explanation:

The first key to answering this question was to know that "minimal pairs" are a tool for teaching phonology to students. Knowing this, and that "pairs" are sets of two, one simply had to know that the "minimal" aspect of the "pair" for teaching purpose is a phonological DIFFERENCE between the words. One distinct element being different helps to establish that element to students.

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