Calculus 1 : How to graph functions of curves

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Calculus 1

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : How To Graph Functions Of Curves

How many global extrema does the following function have?

Possible Answers:

Three

Impossible to determine

One

Two

Correct answer:

Two

Explanation:

This function has only three extrema: a local maximum at  and two minima at  (these extrema are found by finding the first derivative of the function, setting it equal to zero, and solving for x).

By evaluating any point along the four intervals defined by the extrema, , and , one can see that the function is decreasing on the first interval, increasing on the second, decreasing on the third and increasing on the fourth.  Therefore,  is a local maximum while  are minima Furthermore, the value of the function is the same at both minima, making them global minima.

 

Function

Example Question #2 : Other Curves

Functions

For the figure above, which of the following statements is true?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The clearest indicators to check these answers with are (1) points where a function crosses zero compared to where another function has zero slope, and (2) where a function is increasing compared to where another function is positive.

Using the first criteria, we can see that f(x) has a slope of zero where both g(x) and h(x) cross zero, meaning f'(x) is not i(x).  

Using the second criteria, we can see that f(x) is increasing on the entire interval shown, while g(x) is positive on the entire interval.  Therefore, f'(x)=g(x).

Example Question #2 : How To Graph Functions Of Curves

A1         B2

C3         D4

For which of the graphs of  above is the following statment true?

Possible Answers:

C

D

B

A

Correct answer:

A

Explanation:

The condition reads 'the limit of f of x as x approaches three from the left'.  Note that we're not looking at x as it approached negative three.  Only A and B have infinite limites at positive 3 (C and D show limits as x approaches negative 3), so the answer must be one of these.  We can see that from the left, B approaches positive infinity at x=3 from the left, while A approaches negative infinity at x=3 from the left, so the correct answer is A.

Example Question #1 : How To Graph Functions Of Curves

On what interval is the following function decreasing?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Since this is a quadratic function with a positive first coefficient, we know it only has one local minimum and no other extrema. So all we have to do is find the x coordinate corresponding to this value and we will have one endpoint of our interval, and it will be decreasing constantly as you approach this point from the left.

Recall, 

So, if we take the derivative of this quadratic, we get

So this is where our interval ends. Since there are no other local extrema, we know our interval is 

.

Example Question #3 : Other Curves

Screen shot 2015 07 10 at 8.27.12 pm

Which of the following is true about the twice-differentiable function  above?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Since the function  is increasing at , and since  is below the x-axis, .

Furthermore, there exists an inflection point at , where the concavity of function changes.

Thus at .

Therefore, the correct answer is 

Example Question #2 : How To Graph Functions Of Curves

Which one of the following could be the integral of ?

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Since the functions are added together, we can take each one seperately and add the results together.

The integral of  is  since you must apply for the chain rule of the .

The integral of  will be using the power rule

,

which means it will equal 

, which turns into ,

so combining these gives 

 

as the integral, making  the only equation that satisfies this quality. 

Example Question #3 : How To Graph Functions Of Curves

Exponential Function

What is the graph of the folloiwng function:

Possible Answers:

4

3

None of the above

2

1

Correct answer:

1

Explanation:

Use the following values to plot the graph:

, , ,

Example Question #4 : How To Graph Functions Of Curves

Trigonometric Function

Graph the folloiwng function:

Possible Answers:

2

None of the above

5

4

1

Correct answer:

5

Explanation:

Plot the graph for the following values:

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