Calculus 1 : How to graph functions of area

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for Calculus 1

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : How To Graph Functions Of Area

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Graph of a piecewise-linear function , for , is shown above.

Find

.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

Find the area under the graph  from . To do this break the graph up into triangles, squares, and rectangles to calculate the individual areas over smaller intervals and then add them all together.

The areas are added to be:

Therefore,

Example Question #2 : Area

Find the area bounded by the curve and the -axis over the interval .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The curve is in quadrant one over the given interval, which gives us the bounds of integration.  Evaluating this definite integral yields the area we are after.

In order to performe the antiderivative, let .  It follows that .  Therefore

so

Example Question #3 : Area

Find the area bounded by the curve and the -axis over the interval .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The curve is positive over the given interval, so the endpoints of the interval will mark the bounds of integration.  This function is very easy to integrate because the derivative of is itself!

Example Question #4 : Area

Find the area bounded by the curve and the -axis over the interval .

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

This function is positve over the given interval, so the endpoints of the interval mark the bounds of integration.  It is a straightforward integration that is solvable with u-substitution.  Let so .  This means

so

Example Question #5 : Area

Find the area bounded by the curve  in the first quadrant.

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

The curve is in quadrant one over the interval , which are the bounds of integration.  To see this, note that the x-intercepts are 0 and 2 and the parabola opens downward. 

The definite integral below is solved by taking the antiderivative of each term of the given polynomial function, evaluating this antiderivative at the bounds of integration, and subtracting the values.

For this particular integral use the rule,  to solve.

Example Question #2 : How To Graph Functions Of Area

Find the area under the curve between the following bounderies of the following function.

 in between the boundaries of  and 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

We can find the area under the curve by taking the anti-derivative of the function and using the two boundaries as x values.  The anti-derivative of  is .  If we use the two boundaries, we end up with our answer, .

Example Question #7 : Area

Evalute the following Definite Integral:

 

Possible Answers:

Correct answer:

Explanation:

For this integral one may be tempted to directly integrate; however, this is no rule of integrals which allows us to do so.

We must apply a complex method of integration, here u-subtitution works best.

We notice that Cos(x) is the derivative of Sin(x) so it may be best to let .

Now that we have found a proper u and du, we may directly substiute into our original integral

However, our limits are in terms of x so we must substitute our u=Sin(x) back in before evaluating

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