AP World History : Trade, Commerce, and Market Competition from Prehistory to 600 BCE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition From Prehistory To 600 Bce

The ancient Sumerians invented __________.

Possible Answers:

computers

beer

storytelling

batteries

painting

Correct answer:

beer

Explanation:

Archaeologists have uncovered ancient breweries at Sumerian archaeological sites, and historians have translated numerous Sumerian documents relating to brewing beer.

Computers and batteries were created thousands of years after the Sumerian language went extinct and its people were absorbed into other groups.

Although some of the oldest written fiction we have is Sumerian, storytelling existed in prehistory; prior to the advent of writing in ancient Sumer.

Paintings tens of thousands of years old can be found throughout the world; painting is originally a prehistoric art.

Example Question #2 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition From Prehistory To 600 Bce

Basalt drinking vessels have been found in predynastic tombs throughout Egypt, but were mined from a single source near al-Maadi (south of modern Cairo), proof that _______________________.

Possible Answers:

the conqueror and unifier of the first dynasty was from al-Maadi

the basalt was mined and shipped throughout Egypt

Egypt was already political unified

predynastic Egyptians could not manipulate many natural materials besides basalt

predynastic Egyptians considered basalt to be a material of such special religious significance that they would forgo the use of other materials

Correct answer:

the basalt was mined and shipped throughout Egypt

Explanation:

Basalt drinking vessels have been found in predynastic tombs throughout Egypt, but were mined from a single source near al-Maadi (south of modern Cairo), proof that the basalt was mined and shipped throughout Egypt.

While the details of the original conqueror and unifier of Egypt, Narmer, is heavily influenced by legend, what is clear is that southern Egypt conquered and merged with the north, so Narmer cannot be from al-Maadi.

Predynastic Egyptian artisans used many different kinds of materials.

While basalt was a luxury, Egyptians did not forgo the use of other materials.

Egypt was eventually unified under an imperial dynasty; predynastic Egypt, therefore, cannot be unified.

Example Question #3 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition From Prehistory To 600 Bce

Predynastic Egyptian communities traded for copper, timber (from cedar), wine, and oils with ____________________.

Possible Answers:

the Roman empire

Sub-Saharan Africa, especially the Songhai empire in modern Mali

the Shang kingdom in China

Southwest Asia, especially Mesopotamia

the Athenian empire

Correct answer:

Southwest Asia, especially Mesopotamia

Explanation:

Predynastic Egyptian archaeological sites prove that even before Egypt was a unified empire, human settlements along the Nile traded for copper, timber, wine, and oils with Mesopotamia and the surrounding area.

The Sahara was a major impediment to trade with the interior of the African continent, and the Songhai empire existed in the late Middle Ages.

The Roman empire was ancient, but still thousands of years after predynastic Egypt.

Likewise, the Athenian empire was ancient but thousands of years after predynastic Egypt.

The Shang kingdom of China was thousands of years after Predynastic Egypt, and too far away to have any sustained trade with north Africa.

 

Example Question #4 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition From Prehistory To 600 Bce

How did the Phoenicians come to dominate trade in the Mediterranean?

Possible Answers:

Through military conquest and violent annexation of territory

None of these answers adequately describes how Phoenicians came to dominate trade in the Mediterranean

Through the establishment of city-states and towns throughout the Mediterranean

Through military conquest and the subsequent peaceful assimilation of towns into their empire

Through arranged marriages and skillful diplomacy

Correct answer:

Through the establishment of city-states and towns throughout the Mediterranean

Explanation:

Throughout much of the ancient period, before the rise of Greece, Persia, and Rome, the ancient Phoenicians created an extensive commercial empire in the Mediterranean. They were able to dominate trade due to their sophisticated alphabet and their establishment of settlements throughout the Mediterranean.

Example Question #5 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition From Prehistory To 600 Bce

The city-states Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos were once all part of __________.

Possible Answers:

the Phoenician empire

the Mughal empire

the Babylonian empire

the Hittite empire

the Japanese empire

Correct answer:

the Phoenician empire

Explanation:

The city-states of Tyre, Sidon, and Byblos were once all part of the Phoenician empire. The Phoenician empire was a wide-ranging commercial empire that controlled trade in the Mediterranean from about 1,300 BCE until 500 BCE.

Example Question #6 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition From Prehistory To 600 Bce

Silk was first produced in large quantities in China during the __________.

Possible Answers:

Han Dynasty

Yuan Dynasty

Shang Dynasty

Ming Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty

Correct answer:

Shang Dynasty

Explanation:

Silk was first produced in China during the Shang Dynasty. For the next thousand years, China enjoyed an effective monopoly on silk production (as they were the only people who knew how to do it). This contributed to the growing wealth of the Chinese emperors as silk was traded extensively with empires in Europe (such as the Romans) and the Middle East (such as the Persians).

Example Question #7 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition From Prehistory To 600 Bce

The ancient Phoenician empire was centered around modern-day __________.

Possible Answers:

Armenia

Italy

France

Lebanon

Tunisia

Correct answer:

Lebanon

Explanation:

The ancient commercial empire of Phoenicia was established in modern-day Lebanon approximately 1,500 BCE.

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