AP World History : Trade, Commerce, and Market Competition 600 CE to 1450

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

Indian Ocean trade from 600 to 1450 resulted in all of the following except __________.

Possible Answers:

the trade in labor, spices, horses, and other goods

the use of dhows in trade

the spread of Islam

the spread of Buddhism

the increased wealth of Western European nations

Correct answer:

the increased wealth of Western European nations

Explanation:

This answer is correct because Western European nations like the British and the Dutch were not yet engaged in Indian Ocean trade in this period, and as a result showed no increase in wealth as a result of the Indian Ocean trade in the years mentioned.

Example Question #1 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

During the Third Crusade, which Eastern Mediterranean island was conquered by Richard the Lionheart and served as one of the last bastions of Christendom in the East during the Crusades' decline?

Possible Answers:

Sicily

Cyprus

Sardinia

Majorca

Malta

Correct answer:

Cyprus

Explanation:

Cyprus was conquered by Richard the Lionheart in 1191 and formally introduced into the Crusader Kingdoms as the Kingdom of Cyprus. It was one of the final crusader kingdoms to fall, thanks to its defensibility and isolation from the mainland. It would stay in Catholic hands until 1489 when it was conquered by the Republic of Venice, and later by the Ottoman Empire.

Example Question #1 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

The Crusades resulted in which of the following changes within Europe?

Possible Answers:

A decrease in the spread of knowledge and trade within Europe

The establishment of a massive European land empire throughout much of the Middle East

Temporary European control of Egypt and North Africa

Re-discovery of written works from the classical world, along with an increase in Mediterranean trade networks

Large scale immigration of Europeans to the Middle East

Correct answer:

Re-discovery of written works from the classical world, along with an increase in Mediterranean trade networks

Explanation:

The Crusades allowed for Europeans to come into greater contact with Muslim societies, many of which had preserved classical Greek and Roman texts that had been lost in Europe. Furthermore, the increased movement of people resulted in the establishment of additional trade networks between the Middle East and Europe.  While the Crusades also gave Europeans temporary holds on Middle Eastern territory, the conquered lands were located within the Levant.

Example Question #4 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

At the epicenter of African-European-Asian trade was the _____________.

Possible Answers:

the Frankish kingdom

the Spanish Empire

the Malian Empire

the Ming Dynasty

Ottoman Empire

Correct answer:

Ottoman Empire

Explanation:

The Ottoman Empire straddled the border between Africa, Asia, and Europe, dominating trade between these regions. The Malian Empire, while extraordinarily wealthy, was in West Africa and ill suited to dominate trade between Europe and Asia. Likewise, the Ming dynasty was powerful and wealthy, but on the east coast of Asia, separated from Africa and Europe by the entirety of the Asian landmass. The Frankish kingdom dominated mainland Europe, but had little influence in Asia or Africa. Finally, the Spanish Empire was largely created out of an attempt to circumnavigate the Ottoman position.

Example Question #2 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

While the Celts were known for fine enamelwork, the Roman artisan tradition centered around __________________.

Possible Answers:

ivory

paper and papyrus

silver and glass

jade

silk

Correct answer:

silver and glass

Explanation:

While different provinces and people within the Roman empire had their own traditions of craftsmanship, Rome's silver and glass workshops were considered the best in the world for millennium.

Egypt and other regions of the empire excelled in the crafting of papyrus and paper, not Rome.

Jade, ivory, and silks were all available in ancient Rome, but from distant provinces' trade with other empires; none of these goods came from Rome.

Example Question #6 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

What was the purpose of caravansaries?

Possible Answers:

To provide protection for traveling merchants from raiding parties

To transport goods across vast distances of land

To pool a community’s resources to invest in a collective trading venture

To keep track of the exchange of goods and items in the Dar al-Islam

To provide lodging and food to traveling caravans

Correct answer:

To provide lodging and food to traveling caravans

Explanation:

For many hundreds of years the majority of trading between Europe, the Middle East, North Africa, and Asia was facilitated by Muslim traders who operated trading caravans. These caravans would move over vast distances carrying goods from one region to another. Caravansaries were important establishments that sprung up to cater to the needs of these traveling caravans. Their presence was generally indicative of a wealthy city -trade begets wealth. 

Example Question #7 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

Ghana emerged as a wealthy and prosperous region primarily due to control of ___________.

Possible Answers:

the Senegal and Niger Rivers

the African slave trade

the Congo and Nile Rivers

the African diamond trade

the African gold trade

Correct answer:

the African gold trade

Explanation:

Ghana and other West African states became immensely wealthy in the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries due to control of the lucrative African gold trade. Gold arrived in Ghana from southern Africa and was exchanged with Arab traders for luxury goods like salt.

Example Question #3 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

Dhows were commonly used __________.

Possible Answers:

in the Atlantic Ocean and the Baltic Sea

in the Pacific Ocean and the South China Sea

in the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea

in the Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea

in the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean

Correct answer:

in the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea

Explanation:

Dhows were sailing vessels which were commonly used by Indian and Arab traders in the Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.

Example Question #4 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

In which year did the Ming dynasty halt state-sponsored commercial voyages?

Possible Answers:

1645

1350

1271

The Ming dynasty continued to support state-sponsored voyages throughout its history

1433

Correct answer:

1433

Explanation:

From 1405 to 1433, the explorer Zheng He conducted seven voyages on behalf of the Ming dynasty for the purposes of diplomacy and trade. After his death in 1433, the Ming dynasty vastly reduced its naval expenditures due to increasing military threats.

Example Question #5 : Trade, Commerce, And Market Competition 600 Ce To 1450

Guilds first began to appear in Europe during __________.

Possible Answers:

the Renaissance

the High Middle Ages

the twentieth century

the Industrial Revolution

the Enlightenment period

Correct answer:

the High Middle Ages

Explanation:

The first guilds began to appear in Europe in the tenth and eleventh centuries, during the period of time known as the High Middle Ages. A guild is a community of people engaged in the same skilled occupation (like blacksmith or tanner), who work together to further their interests and protect their industry. Guilds were a common way to organize labor throughout Medieval Europe.

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