AP World History : Regional and Global Groups and Organizations 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

Which international organization was formed as a direct result of World War II?

Possible Answers:

NAFTA

Red Cross

The United Nations

NATO

The League Of Nations

Correct answer:

The United Nations

Explanation:

The UN was formed as a result of WWII in an effort for international powers to cooperate and maintain international standards of peace and human rights, and to replace the ineffective League of Nations (which was founded after World War I). It was chartered in 1945. The Red Cross began in the late 19th century, NATO was formed in 1948 as a reaction to the growth of the USSR, and NAFTA was not negotiated until 1994.

Example Question #2 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

After Stalin’s death, Mao began to pull China away from Soviet influence, a process referred to as _____________.

Possible Answers:

Titoism

Watergate

the Cultural Revolution

the Sino-Soviet Split

the Great Leap Forward

Correct answer:

the Sino-Soviet Split

Explanation:

Mao did not want China to be a satellite state under Moscow's tutelage; the Sino-Soviet split ensured Chinese independence.

Titoism was the Communist ideology named after Josip Tito, the leader of Yugoslavia, who broke away from Moscow's suzerainty, setting the example for Chinese independence, but not directly part of the process.

Watergate was a political scandal that resulted in President Richard Nixon leaving office. Nixon's administration opened relations with mainland China, but Watergate was an internal American issue that had nothing to do Chinese-Soviet relations.

The Great Leap Forward was a massive reorganizing of the Chinese economy that attempted to industrialize China. It had an effect on China's ability to be independent of the Soviet Union, but was more of an internal policy than external rebalancing of power.

The Cultural Revolution was a Maoist attempt at destroying Mao's perceived enemies within China; it was an internal Chinese policy and was not the process by which China attained independence from the Soviet Union.

Example Question #3 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

The ratio among which groups is skewed to more than a 2 : 1 ratio in Qatar?

Possible Answers:

Business owners : employees

Officials : voters

Men : women

Elderly : youth

Criminals : police

Correct answer:

Men : women

Explanation:

Qatar has a ratio of men to women that is higher than 2-to-1. The number one reason for this is business—particularly, the oil industry that brings in migrant workers from all over, mostly male. Between 2011 and 2012, about 75% of the population consisted of migrants from other Middle Eastern countries.

Example Question #4 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

In the UAE, each of the seven emirates are ruled mostly autonomously. The seven emirates' rulers form the largest governing body in the United Arab Emirates called the __________.

Possible Answers:

Fatah

National Front Alliance

Gulf Cooperation Council

Federal Supreme Council

Assembly of Experts

Correct answer:

Federal Supreme Council

Explanation:

The Federal Supreme Council is the United Arab Emirate's highest governing authority. The Federal Supreme Council deals mostly with foreign affairs, while each of the seven emirates deals with its own internal affairs individually. The UAE has a Constitution that is a little more than four decades old, but the distribution of powers between the federation and each emirate is not clearly defined.  

The Federal Supreme Council can not only create but also impose laws. All three branches of government—judiciary, legislative, and executive—are headed by the Federal Supreme Council.

Example Question #5 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

Name the source of judicial, executive, and legislative power in Saudi Arabia.

Possible Answers:

The King

The Constitution

The Supreme Leader

The WTO

The citizens

Correct answer:

The King

Explanation:

Saudi Arabia is an authoritarian, absolute monarchy. The king in Saudi Arabia is the source of all legislative, executive, and judicial power. He is the ultimate decision maker; the royal family is vested with power.  

Political parties are outlawed due to the monarchy's control of government. The throne is not granted by election, but ascension (a prince becoming king).  

Example Question #6 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

The modern state of Turkey rose out of which historic empire's collapse?

Possible Answers:

Roman

Umayyad

Ottoman

Safavid

Babylonian

Correct answer:

Ottoman

Explanation:

The Ottoman Empire collapsed in 1922 after World War I, and Turkey was recognized as a republic a year later. The Ottomans are regarded as one of the great empires, arguably peaking in the 1400s with the capturing of the Byzantine empire's capital Constantinople. Turkey established a new Constitution in 1924 and several steps towards secularizing the country were taken.

Example Question #7 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

Which of the following countries was the last to establish diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union?

Possible Answers:

Japan

United States of America

Persia

Germany

United Kingdom

Correct answer:

United States of America

Explanation:

Although the Western Powers and Japan opposed the Bolsheviks during the Russian, one by one they decided to establish relations with the Soviet Union once the Bolshevik victory became clear. Some countries, such as Great Britain, hoped to improve trade with the Soviet Union, while others, such as Germany, established diplomatic relations because they shared mutual resentment of the victorious allies with the Soviet Union. Most countries established relations with the Soviet Union in the 1920s. The United States was an exception, since it did not recognize the Soviet government until 1933. The delay in recognition was partially due to the strong anti-communist movement in the United States, and partially due to Russia's relative unimportance to America as a trade partner.

Example Question #8 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

In the aftermath of World War II which global governing body was created in hopes of preventing such a conflict from every occurring again?

Possible Answers:

The International Court of Justice

The League of Nations

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The European Court of Justice

The United Nations

Correct answer:

The United Nations

Explanation:

The United Nations was created on June 26, 1945, in the aftermath of World War II. In its charter it was designed as a bulwark against further global conflict by creating a space of open dialogue between nations. In its founding there were 53 member nations and today that number has grown to 193. Additionally, within the United Nations there are six major components, the Security Council, the General Assembly, the Secretariat, the Economic and Social Council, the International Court of Justice, and the United Nations Trusteeship Council.

Example Question #9 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

What year was Israel reinstated as an independent nation?

Possible Answers:

1944

1991

2001

1948

Correct answer:

1948

Explanation:

Israel was reinstated in 1948, shortly after the end of World War II, especially after the need for an independent state for Jews was highlighted by the Holocaust.

Example Question #10 : Regional And Global Groups And Organizations 1900 To Present

All of these were part of Wilson’s Fourteen Points except __________.

Possible Answers:

the creation of a League of Nations

the promotion of free trade and free use of the oceans

decolonization and self-determination for all people

a reduction of armaments and the size of standing armies

the creation of a European Union

Correct answer:

the creation of a European Union

Explanation:

Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points were issued in the wake of the First World War and were designed to ensure global peace and prosperity and prevent the outbreak of future global conflicts. His Fourteen Points included all of the aforementioned except the creation of the European Union, which was an idea that emerged in the wake of the atrocities of the Second World War.

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