AP World History : Political Protest, Reforms, and Revolution 600 CE to 1450

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

The An Shi Rebellion contributed to __________.

Possible Answers:

the decline of the Han dynasty

the Manchu conquest of China

the Mongol invasion of China

the rise of the Han dynasty

the decline of the Tang dynasty

Correct answer:

the decline of the Tang dynasty

Explanation:

The An Shi Rebellion, which took place in the eighth and ninth centuries, contributed to the decline of the Tang dynasty.

Example Question #2 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

The An Shi Rebellion was primarily caused by __________.

Possible Answers:

peasant anger at the luxury and frivolity of the Tang dynasty

all of these contributed to the outbreak of the An Shi Rebellion

anger at the presence of Christians and foreigners in China

agricultural failure and the flooding of the Yellow river

frustration at the rule of the Mongol invaders

Correct answer:

peasant anger at the luxury and frivolity of the Tang dynasty

Explanation:

The An Shi Rebellion took place in the eighth and ninth centuries, during the Tang dynasty's rule over China. The rebellion was primarily caused by anger and frustration among the common people at the excesses and love of luxury of the Tang dynasty.

 

Example Question #3 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these best describes the consequences of the Red Turban Rebellion?

Possible Answers:

The rebels were victorious and the government enacted all of their demanded reforms.

The rebels were victorious and overthrew the ruling dynasty.

The rebels were completely annihilated, but the government accepted some of their minor demands.

The rebels were eventually defeated, but the government enacted all of their demanded reforms to prevent further uprisings.

The rebels were completely annihilated, and the government ignored all their demands.

Correct answer:

The rebels were victorious and overthrew the ruling dynasty.

Explanation:

The Red Turban Rebellion took place in China in the mid-fourteenth century. It ended in victory for the rebels and the destruction of the Yuan dynasty. The Mongol Yuan were removed from power and the Ming dynasty took control of China for the next few centuries. This was an important moment in Chinese history because it returned control of the country to the ethnic Han Chinese.

Example Question #4 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

An Lushan is most famous for __________.

Possible Answers:

leading a rebellion against the Tang dynasty

leading a rebellion against the Yuan dynasty

his contributions to Confucian philosophy

spreading Islam in the Indian subcontinent leading a rebellion against the Yuan dynasty

his contributions to Legalism

Correct answer:

leading a rebellion against the Tang dynasty

Explanation:

An Lushan is a Chinese general who is famous for leading the An Shi Rebellion against the ruling Tang dynasty in China in the eighth century. The An Shi Rebellion was brutally crushed by the Tang, but it did contribute to their steady decline.

Example Question #5 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

Basil the Copper Hand is most famous for __________.

Possible Answers:

translating the writings of Aristotle and Plato into Latin and Arabic

spreading Zoroastrianism around the Middle East and central Asia

leading a peasant revolt in Byzantium in the tenth century

leading a peasant revolt in England in the fourteenth century

his contributions to mathematics and astronomy

Correct answer:

leading a peasant revolt in Byzantium in the tenth century

Explanation:

Basil the Copper Hand is famous for leading a peasant revolt in Byzantium in the early tenth century. The Byzantine Peasant’s Revolt was caused by catastrophic famine and despised agrarian land reforms.

Example Question #6 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these best describes the Jacquerie?

Possible Answers:

The massacre of the Native American population of Quebec by French colonists.

A peasant revolt in fourteenth century France.

A religious civil war in sixteenth century France.

A rebel government, briefly in power in France during the Thirty Years’ War.

A period of chaos and disorder during the early months of the French Revolution.

Correct answer:

A peasant revolt in fourteenth century France.

Explanation:

The Jacquerie is the name most commonly used to refer to a peasant revolt in France in the fourteenth century. The Jacquerie was crushed relatively quickly and had less impact than the more famous Peasants Revolt in England in the same time period.

Example Question #7 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

When did the Jacquerie take place in France?

Possible Answers:

During the French Revolution

During the Thirty Years’ War

During the War of Austrian Succession

During the Seven Years’ War

During the Hundred Years’ War

Correct answer:

During the Hundred Years’ War

Explanation:

The Jacquerie took place in northern France in 1358, during the Hundred Years’ War with England. The Jacquerie was a popular revolt by peasants who were living in northern France and who were tired of the suffering and poverty caused by the prolonged conflict with England.

Example Question #8 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these statements about the consequences of the English Peasants’ Revolt is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

The rebellion ended when the rebels conquered London and executed the young king.

The rebellion ended in the complete annihilation of the rebels, but led to some limited socioeconomic changes.

The rebellion ended in the complete annihilation of the rebels and the complete rejection of all their demands.

The rebellion ended in the complete annihilation of the rebels, but dramatically altered the social hierarchy in England for generations to come.

The rebellion ended when the rebels conquered London and enacted a series of reforms by forcing the king to sign a rudimentary Bill of Rights.

Correct answer:

The rebellion ended in the complete annihilation of the rebels, but led to some limited socioeconomic changes.

Explanation:

The English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 was eventually quashed by forces loyal to the crown and the vast majority of the demands made by the peasants were ignored. There were some limited socioeconomic consequences, however, including the slight elevation of peasants in the social hierarchy and a growing disinclination in Parliament to levy taxes on peasants for fear of a reprisal.

Example Question #9 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these best describes the reasons why the Red Turban Rebellion broke out?

Possible Answers:

all of these reasons contributed to the outbreak of the Red Turban Rebellion

agriculture failure and high taxes

religious discord

anger at territorial losses sustained by the ruling dynasty

animosity between competing schools of philosophy

Correct answer:

agriculture failure and high taxes

Explanation:

The Red Turban Rebellion broke out in Yuan China in the mid-fourteenth century. It was primarily motivated by two factors. The first was that the ruling Yuan dynasty had repeatedly failed to organize countermeasures to prevent the seasonal flooding of the Yellow River. This had devastating consequences for the rural population, not to mention contributed to urban famine. The second factor was that the foreign Mongol government conscripted a large portion of the population to defend its vast empire.

Example Question #10 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 600 Ce To 1450

Why was the Magna Carta significant? 

Possible Answers:

It installed a new king, disposing King John even though he was still living

It was one of the earliest pieces of legislation that limited a monarch's authority. It laid the groundwork for the establishment of parliament

It gave peasants equal representation in the British judicial and legislative systems

It decreed that any first born child could claim their inheritance, regardless of gender

It asserted the Monarch's power over the Church of England, making a distinct break from the traditional European power structure between church and state

Correct answer:

It was one of the earliest pieces of legislation that limited a monarch's authority. It laid the groundwork for the establishment of parliament

Explanation:

The Magna Carta, signed in 1215, was of great significance because it marked the first time that the Barons of England united to restrict the King's power through legal, rather than militant, tactics. It would go on to establish a precedent for the Barons collectively bargaining to limit the King's authority, and eventually lead to the establishment of the Parliament as we know it today. 

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