AP World History : Political Protest, Reforms, and Revolution 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

American and French revolutionaries shared a belief in the importance of __________.

Possible Answers:

political representation

ending all forms of taxation

colonial independence

regicide

abolishing slavery

Correct answer:

political representation

Explanation:

The American and French revolutions both directly referenced the need for political representation that revolutionaries wanted. Neither sets of revolutionaries wanted to kill the king initially. Only American revolutionaries promoted colonial independence, and while abolition was mentioned by revolutionaries in both nations, it was not one of the explicit goals of either revolution.

Example Question #2 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

The leader of the conservative Montagnards at the National Convention was

Possible Answers:

Robespierre

Danton

Cromwell

Marat

Correct answer:

Robespierre

Explanation:

In the first election for the National Convention in 1792 Robespierre continued his rise to power by leading his Montagnard party in the election. Georges Jacques Danton was a moderate Jacobin who was guillotined in 1794. Jean-Paul Marat was the leader of the Montagnard faction, a more radical element in the revolution. Oliver Cromwell was a British ruler in the 17th century.

Example Question #3 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

The government of the Third Estate responsible for French Revolution was called the ______________.

Possible Answers:

Estates General

National Convention

The Directory

National Assembly

Correct answer:

National Assembly

Explanation:

In 1789, Luis XVI called the Estates General to help find solutions to the monetary issues of the government, but they could not agree on anything, so the Third Estate representatives broke off and formed the insurgent National Assembly, thus beginning the French Revolution. The Estates General was an assembly of members of all three of the estates that made up French Society and was held in 1789. The National Convention was held in 1792, and was the first democratically elected assembly held in France (under universal male suffrage). The Directory  was a form of government in the very latest stages of the French Revolution.

Example Question #4 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

The government in control of France after the Reign of Terror was known as the __________.

Possible Answers:

National Convention

Legislative Assembly

National Assembly

Directory

Correct answer:

Directory

Explanation:

The Death of Robespierre helped bring about the end of the National Convention and the Reign of Terror. Once this happened the Directory filled the power vacuum as the new government of France.

Example Question #5 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

Following the return of Joao VI to Portugal Joao left his son Pedro to personally rule over Brazil and granted Brazil a place as part of the Kingdom. However, what happened one year later in 1822?

Possible Answers:

Brazil was made a colony again

Brazilians overthrew Perdo and declared independence

Pedro declared independence for Brazil

Pedro left Brazil to rejoin the court in Lisbon

Correct answer:

Pedro declared independence for Brazil

Explanation:

Just over a year after his father returned to Portugal and left him in charge of Brazil, Pedro decided to declare independence from Portugal, and declared Brazil to now be the Empire of Brazil. As such Pedro declared himself Pedro I Emperor of Brazil. 

Example Question #6 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

How did Joao VI attempt to placate the people of Brazil when he left the colony to return to Portugal in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars?

Possible Answers:

He elevated Brazil from a state within Portugal to a Kingdom within Portugal

He promised to move the throne from Lisbon to Rio de Janiero

He granted Brazil its independence

He gave Brazil complete autonomy

Correct answer:

He elevated Brazil from a state within Portugal to a Kingdom within Portugal

Explanation:

As thanks for taking in the royal family when Portugal was invaded and occupied by the French Joao VI elevated Brazil's importance in the Kingdom by making it a Kingdom itself. Therefore the title of Portugal would no longer be United Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves, it would now be United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves. Thus giving Brazil an important place in the Empire.

Example Question #7 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

The left-wing, right-wing political dichotomy stems from the ____________.

Possible Answers:

French Revolution

The Franco-Prussian War

The Industrial Revolution

American War of Independence

The Japanese Meiji Restoration

Correct answer:

French Revolution

Explanation:

The left-wing, right-wing political dichotomy stems from the French Revolution, when the French king's allies in the National Assembly sat on the speaker's right, and the king's opponents on the speaker's left.

The American War of Independence empowered the new country with self-determination, but there was no left-right dichotomy in the American government.

The Franco-Prussian War left very little lasting political legacy, although it had a profound effect on how military planners thought of military force.

Many philosophies, such as Marxism, emerged from the industrial revolution, but the left-right political dichotomy already existed.

The Meiji Restoration was a political change in Japan that saw an increase in the emperor's power and the fall of the Shogun, but the left-right dichotomy already existed.

Example Question #8 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

Which of the following was not a factor in the fall of the Qing dynasty? 

Possible Answers:

Uprisings such as the Taiping Rebellion and the Boxer Rebellion

A surge in Nationalism after the defeat in the Sino-Japanese War

The death of Empress Ci Xi

A rise in Christianity among Chinese peasants

Increasing anger against Imperial powers

Correct answer:

A rise in Christianity among Chinese peasants

Explanation:

The fall of the Qing Dynasty was marked by resentment of Western influence, many people wanted reform, and a stronger Chinese identity, not to allow for greater penetration of the influence of Christianity and Western imperial powers.

Example Question #9 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

Who was a pivotal figure in the Mexican Revolution? 

Possible Answers:

Julio Prestes

Simon Bolivar

Jose San Martin

Toussaint L'Ouverture

Miguel Hidalgo

Correct answer:

Miguel Hidalgo

Explanation:

Father Miguel Hidalgo rallied Mestizo and Creole peasants in an uprising against Spanish rule of Mexico that eventually led to independence. The other leaders were key figures in other Latin American Revolutions (Ouverture in Haiti, Bolivar in Venezuela, San Martin in Argentina, and Prestes in Brazil)

Example Question #10 : Political Protest, Reforms, And Revolution 1750 To 1900

Which of these was not a cause of Latin American independence movement that emerged in the 19th century? 

Possible Answers:

Inspiration from the success of the American and French revolutions

Spread of Enlightenment ideas regarding economic and social equality 

Napoleon's invasion of Spain,  weakening the Spanish government's power

Influence from Qing China to establish a more elaborate bureaucracy 

Growing resentment of European colonial powers 

Correct answer:

Influence from Qing China to establish a more elaborate bureaucracy 

Explanation:

The independence movement in Latin America was a result of the Western Imperial influence over the continent, Qing China was not interested in overseas conquest, and was not a player in Latin America. The rise of nationalism, and enlightened thinking eventually trickled down to the Latino populace, creating deep resentment of colonial rule. 

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