AP World History : Political and Governmental Structures 600 CE to 1450

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

Which government required all potential bureaucrats to pass rigorous civil service exams?

Possible Answers:

Olmec Empire

Mughal Empire

Renaissance Italy

Dynastic China

Holy Roman Empire

Correct answer:

Dynastic China

Explanation:

As far back as the Han dynasty, China demonstrated an elaborate bureaucracy. Entry to this bureaucracy was dependent on the results of civil service exams for all eligible contenders. 

Example Question #2 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

The breakdown of imperial structures in Europe, after the fall of Rome, caused the rise of __________________.

Possible Answers:

democratic republics

Communism

feudalism

tribalism

capitalism

Correct answer:

feudalism

Explanation:

After the fall of Rome, European political structures changed from an imperial model, in which a sovereign had both legal and real authority over military and economic policies, to a feudal system, in which aristocrats pledged their allegiance to a king, and were expected to provide men-at-arms and taxes.

Communism is a political ideology within the Marxist school of thought, which did not begin until the 19th century.

There were few, if any, democratic Republics during this period.

Capitalism did not begin until the end of the feudal period.

Tribalism can be found all over the world, even to this day, but the breakdown of Rome did not cause Europe to become tribal.

Example Question #1 : Tools Of War

Which of the following best defines meritocracy?

Possible Answers:

None of the other answer choices is correct.

A religious sect of ancient Confucianism 

The name given to Genghis Kahn’s style of intimidation and warfare

A system where promotions are made based on ability rather than familial status

The name given to the Japanese concept of chivalry and honor

Correct answer:

A system where promotions are made based on ability rather than familial status

Explanation:

Meritocracy is the name given to a system in which promotions are made and jobs awarded based on the ability of an individual rather than the status of his or her family. Genghis Khan famously introduced this concept to his Mongolian forces, greatly improving the efficiency of his forces and the loyalty of his men.

Example Question #3 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

Ghana was the most powerful region of __________ during much of the Middle Ages.

Possible Answers:

North Africa

the Middle East

West Africa

Southern Europe

South Africa

Correct answer:

West Africa

Explanation:

Ghana was the most powerful region of West Africa during much of the Middle Ages. Most notably, the powerful Ashanti Empire was formed in Ghana in the thirteenth century. Other powerful empires in the region include the Mali Empire and the Songhai Empire.

Example Question #4 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

The Chinese eunuch Zheng He was famous for his role as ______________.

Possible Answers:

leader of the failed peasant rebellion that occurred in the early years of the Yuan Dynasty

overseer of the construction of the Great Wall of China, designed to prevent Mongol invasion

leader of the failed peasant rebellion that occurred in the early years of the Ming Dynasty

admiral of the Chinese fleet during the exploration period of Ming China

general of the rebellious Chinese army when the Ming forces defeated the Yuan Dynasty

Correct answer:

admiral of the Chinese fleet during the exploration period of Ming China

Explanation:

Zheng He was a eunuch and an admiral of the Chinese fleet during the early Ming Dynasty. Between 1405-1433 Zheng He conducted a series of expeditionary voyages in South Asia and East Africa. He is responsible for spreading the influence of Chinese culture and for demonstrating the growing power of the Chinese State. He was a favorite of the Yongle Emperor, but following the latter’s death his voyages were discontinued. The “treasure voyages” of Zheng He present an interesting alternative historical development — one where China, instead of Europe, was the first to arrive and colonize North America.

Example Question #5 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

During the Heian period, power in Japan was concentrated in the hands of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Tokugawa clan

Hirohito clan

Meiji clan

Fujiwara clan

Nakatomi clan

Correct answer:

Fujiwara clan

Explanation:

During the Heian period of Japanese history much of the power was concentrated in the hands of the wealthy Fujiwara clan. The Fujiwara clan was able to marry into imperial house of Japan and control national politics to suit their interests.

Example Question #6 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these statements best describes pre-Tokugawa politics in Medieval Japan?

Possible Answers:

A military run police-state in which civil liberties and personal freedoms were suppressed

Political power was heavily centralized; the country was ruled by an authoritarian emperor

A republic in which many people contributed to politics and elected representatives

Political power was heavily decentralized; the country was ruled by local warlords

None of these

Correct answer:

Political power was heavily decentralized; the country was ruled by local warlords

Explanation:

The Tokugawa Period (also called the Edo Period) of Japanese history lasted from 1603 until 1868 (and the Meiji Restoration). Prior to the rule of the Tokugawa Shogunate political power in Japan was heavily decentralized and the country was ruled and administered by various warlords and wealthy landowners. The Tokugawa Shogunate united the country and brought to an end the fractious rule of feudalism.

Example Question #7 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

The Capetian Dynasty ruled for several centuries in which of these modern-day European countries?

Possible Answers:

England

France

Norway

Spain

Italy

Correct answer:

France

Explanation:

The Capetian Dynasty ruled over the modern-day kingdom of France from the tenth century, beginning with Hugh Capet, until the fourteenth century. The Capetian Dynasty was instrumental in the formation of the modern French state.

Example Question #8 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these Chinese dynasties succeeded the Mongol-ruled Yuan Dynasty?

Possible Answers:

Ming

Qing

Shang

Han

Zhou

Correct answer:

Ming

Explanation:

The Yuan Dynasty was founded by the Mongol warlord Kublai Khan in 1271. It served as an imperial dynasty of China throughout Mongol occupation. The Yuan Dynasty began to decline in the mid-fourteenth century and, after a series of famines and rebellions, was overthrown and replaced by the Ming Dynasty in 1368.

Example Question #9 : Political And Governmental Structures 600 Ce To 1450

__________ were the necessary foundations for the growth of powerful monarchies in Western Europe during the early modern period?

Possible Answers:

Militias and the support of the papacy

Farming and industry

Propaganda and trade

Taxes and standing armies

Parliaments and the aristocracy

Correct answer:

Taxes and standing armies

Explanation:

Western European history from the eleventh century onwards witnessed the gradual development of the nation-state. The idea of the nation-state first emerged with the Concordat of Worms and was later solidified by the Peace of Westphalia. In medieval Europe the rise and power of nation-states was generally due to the emergence of powerful monarchies that could effectively coordinate the resources of the entire country they reigned over. Standing armies and a system of taxation were necessary to ensure the power of the monarchy and to minimize the influence of the nobility (who would otherwise be empowered by the responsibility to provide for the defense and finances of the realm).

 

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