AP World History : Migration, Settlement, and Demography 600 BCE to 600 CE

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

In the late 4th and early 5th Centuries, a major migration of Germanic tribes occurred, originating from Central Europe, that would ultimately cause the collapse of the Western Roman Empire and set the groundwork for Western Europe. Which eastern steppe tribe facilitated this migration?

Possible Answers:

The Huns

The Vandals

The Alani

The Goths

The Sarmatians

Correct answer:

The Huns

Explanation:

The westward expansion of the Huns displaced more than a dozen Germanic tribes from Central Europe. This displacement forced them to seek refuge in the already collapsing Western Roman Empire, forever changing its demography and creating tensions that would lead to its total collapse.

Example Question #2 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Name the large and wealthy city that was the imperial capital of the Eastern Roman, Byzantine, and, finally,  the Ottoman empire.

Possible Answers:

Constantinople

Anatolia

Athens

Troy

Rome

Correct answer:

Constantinople

Explanation:

First known as Byzantium, later renamed Constantinople, after the emperor when he moved the Roam capitol there. 

Example Question #3 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Vandals and the Ostrogoths were ______________.

Possible Answers:

foreign mercenaries in the Roman army who came from North Africa and famously revolted after the fall of the Republic

foreign mercenaries in the Roman army who came from northern Europe and famously revolted after the death of Julius Caesar

German tribes who allied with the Roman Empire and expanded Roman territory into Southern Europe

Germanic tribes who invaded Rome and contributed to the demise of the empire

foreign mercenaries in the Roman army who famously converted to Christianity en masse following the Council of Nicaea

Correct answer:

Germanic tribes who invaded Rome and contributed to the demise of the empire

Explanation:

The Vandals and the Ostrogoths are two Germanic tribes who were influential in Europe during the decline of the Roman Empire, the Vandals in particular contributed heavily to the demise of the empire. The Vandals sacked the city of Rome in 445 CE and the Ostrogoths sacked the city in 546 CE.

Example Question #4 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

Most of the major early civilizations of South America were established __________.

Possible Answers:

in the mountains of modern-day Venezuela

in the Andean foothills

in the Amazon River Basin

in the plains of modern-day Argentina

on the coast of modern-day Brazil

Correct answer:

in the Andean foothills

Explanation:

Almost all of the major early civilizations of South America emerged in the Andean foothills. These civilizations include the Moche, the Nazca, the Chavin, and the Inca.

Example Question #5 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Celts migrated __________.

Possible Answers:

around southern Europe from their home in the Italian peninsula

around western Europe from their home in modern-day France

around eastern Europe from their home in modern-day Hungary

from the British Isles to the Middle East and Asia Minor in the third century

from the British Isles to Greenland and North America in the eleventh century

Correct answer:

around western Europe from their home in modern-day France

Explanation:

The Celts are an ancient ethnic group who emerged in modern-day France and migrated around Western Europe, settling in places like Spain, Germany, and (most impactfully) the British Isles.

Example Question #6 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Nazca emerged in modern-day __________.

Possible Answers:

Brazil

Cuba

Peru

Mexico

Argentina

Correct answer:

Peru

Explanation:

The Nazca people emerged in modern-day Peru, on the Pacific coast, around 100 CE.

Example Question #7 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 600 Bce To 600 Ce

The Anasazi culture emerged in __________.

Possible Answers:

northeast North America

Central America

the plains of midwest North America

the Andean foothills of South America

southwest North America

Correct answer:

southwest North America

Explanation:

The Anasazi culture emerged in the southwest of the modern-day United States. The Anasazi lived in this part of North America from about 300 - 1300 CE.

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