AP World History : Migration, Settlement, and Demography 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

Example Question #87 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Which of the following correctly outlines historical large-scale global migration patterns during the late 18th through early 20th centuries?

Possible Answers:

Migration of Indians to Persia and the Middle East

Migration of Europeans to the Western Hemisphere and Oceania.

Migration of Native Americans to Europe

Migration of Japanese to Southeast Asia

Migration of Chinese to Europe

Correct answer:

Migration of Europeans to the Western Hemisphere and Oceania.

Explanation:

During the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries, tens of millions of Europeans migrated from Europe to colonies (and later countries) such as the United States, Brazil, Canada, Australia, and Argentina. The peak of this migration occurred during the mid 19th to early 20th centuries.

Example Question #88 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Given Ireland's current population of 4.6 million people, was the population of Ireland higher, lower, or roughly the same before the Great Irish Famine?

Possible Answers:

Higher

The same

Lower

Impossible to determine

Correct answer:

Higher

Explanation:

The population of Ireland before the Great Famine was just over 8 million people. The famine hit so hard that between the millions who starved and the millions who fled to the United States, England, Australia, and New Zealand by the time the famine ended the population of Ireland had fallen to 4 million. 

Example Question #89 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Thomas Malthus was a prominent academic in the late 1700's and early 1800's. What was his field of study?

Possible Answers:

Economic Theory

Modern Technology

None of these answers is accurate.

Population Theory

Correct answer:

Population Theory

Explanation:

Malthus was an ardent student of population trends. He published many studies on how populations affected the economics of a given area or nation. He also looked at the trends of the populations of the world as a whole.

Example Question #90 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography

Why did Liberia remain independent from European control after the Scramble for Africa?

Possible Answers:

British protection

Lack of natural resources

Relatively uninhabited

American protection

Correct answer:

American protection

Explanation:

Liberia was founded in the early 1800's by freed slaves from the United States. They were part of the Back To Africa Movement of freed slaves. Therefore the U.S. felt the need to issue a hands-off warning to the European powers during the Scramble for Africa.

Example Question #1 : Migration, Settlement, And Demography 1750 To 1900

What problem did population theorists of the Industrial Revolution think the world's rising population would cause?

Possible Answers:

Famine

The emergence of new diseases

A reoccurrence of widespread bubonic plague

Over-urbanization

Correct answer:

Famine

Explanation:

Malthus believed the world's population was growing far too fast for the farms and agricultural markets to keep up. He feared that the world would be plunged into a massive famine due to the lack of ability to feed the ever-rising population. While his fears were never completely realized as a worldwide famine on the scale he imagined never happened, there have been many large-scale famines that greatly diminished the populations of many nations.

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