AP World History : Literature, Art, and Architecture 600 CE to 1450

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these empires lacked a written language?

Possible Answers:

The Incan Empire

The Sui Dynasty

The Sumerian Empire

Old Kingdom Egypt

The Islamic Caliphate

Correct answer:

The Incan Empire

Explanation:

The Incan empire is one of the greatest empires to have no written language. They communicated through Quechua, an oral language, and through visual representation. The other societies listed had some form of written language.

Example Question #2 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these was not a development from the Golden Age of Islam?

Possible Answers:

Algebra

Mosaic Artwork

Religious Iconography

Epic poetry in the style of 1001 Arabian Nights

Calligraphy

Correct answer:

Religious Iconography

Explanation:

Religious iconography was a product of orthodox Christianity, not Islam. The beliefs of Islam prohibit representing the face of Allah or Mohammed, and as a result religious artwork could contain neither image.

Example Question #3 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these was NOT a feature of the Gothic architecture style?

Possible Answers:

Flying Buttresses supporting thinner, taller walls 

Simplistic interior design meant to reflect on the austerity of pious living 

Ornate Stained Glass 

Gargoyles and other decorative exterior features

Pointed Arches and High Vaults 

Correct answer:

Simplistic interior design meant to reflect on the austerity of pious living 

Explanation:

Gothic architecture emerged as the antithesis to the dark, heavy style of Romanesque building that preceded it. Gothic style was defined by more delicate stonework meant to incorporate height, air, and natural light. Buildings became taller and more ornate. Detailing became more delicate in an effort to venerate God, and create structures to venerate man's heavenly blessings. 

Example Question #4 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Although separated by thousand of miles, traditional housing for wealthy families in parts of both Afghanistan and North Africa have large gardens inside _________________.

Possible Answers:

in part to give women living in purdah, or Islamic seclusion, fresh air, sunshine, and space

to keep cattle away from predators

so that people can dig out and escape in case of violent siege

because such architecture is specified as best in the Qur'an

so that prisoners can be kept inside but away from valuables

Correct answer:

in part to give women living in purdah, or Islamic seclusion, fresh air, sunshine, and space

Explanation:

Traditional architecture for wealthy families in places as diverse as Afghanistan and Morocco included outdoor space inside a large compound, in part, to give women living in purdah a higher quality of life.

Digging out in case of violent siege was not a reason for having these gardens.

Interior gardens were created to hold prisoners.

It is possible to keep cattle in these gardens, but as they were constructed for wealthy clients who probably already had barns for their cattle, and because getting to the interior garden required walking through the house itself, these gardens were specifically created for people's enjoyment.

The Qur'an does not specify this type of architecture as optimum.

Example Question #5 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Ibn Battuta is remembered for __________.

Possible Answers:

his contributions to philosophy and literature

his contributions to mathematics and architecture

the invention of gunpowder

his travels around Africa, Asia, and the Muslim world

the invention of the printing press

Correct answer:

his travels around Africa, Asia, and the Muslim world

Explanation:

Ibn Battuta lived in the fourteenth century and is remembered for his extensive travels around Africa, Asia, and the Muslim world. He wrote extensively about life in Africa, East Asia, the Middle East, and the Indian subcontinent.

Example Question #6 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Marco Polo is famous for travelling from Italy to __________.

Possible Answers:

South Africa

Siberia

the Americas

China

Scotland

Correct answer:

China

Explanation:

Marco Polo is famous for the voyage he made from Italy to China in the thirteenth century. Much of the popular European understanding of East Asia in the Early Modern period was derived from the writings of Marco Polo.

Example Question #7 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

The survival of Greek culture into contemporary times owes a great deal to __________.

Possible Answers:

the scholarly efforts of Dominican and Franciscan friars

the preservation efforts of the Seljuk Turks

the preservation efforts of the Byzantine Empire

the preservation efforts of the Ottoman Empire

missionaries of the Lutheran and Calvinist reform movements

Correct answer:

the preservation efforts of the Byzantine Empire

Explanation:

The survival and preeminence of Greek culture is something we might take for granted. But, its ubiquity and perseverance is owed to several important historical events and empires. The conquests of Alexander the Great established Hellenistic empires all over Eurasia; the Roman assimilation of Greek culture, language, religion, and philosophy ensured the marriage of ancient Greek culture with the elite culture of most of Europe; and the preservation efforts of the Byzantine Empire ensured that the ancient Greek works of philosophy, drama, tragedy, political theory, mathematics, and law were still available to European scholars during the Renaissance.

Example Question #8 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

The Grand Canal was built during the reign of the __________ Dynasty.

Possible Answers:

Han

Yuan

Song

Sui

Tang

Correct answer:

Sui

Explanation:

The Grand Canal was built during the reign of the Sui Dynasty in the early seventh century. The Grand Canal was initially built to facilitate the movement of grain and troops. However, over time, the importance of the canal evolved as it aided population migration and encouraged the growth of trade and industry in eastern China.

Example Question #9 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons that Italy emerged as the center of the European Renaissance?

Possible Answers:

Italy retained more contact with Roman traditions and monuments than the rest of Europe

By the 14th century, Italy was the leading Western European center of banking and trade

Italy was more urbanized than most of Europe

Due to its geographical location, the Black Death did not reach Italy and ravage its population

Italy had closer contacts with scholars, particularly those from the Byzantine Empire

Correct answer:

Due to its geographical location, the Black Death did not reach Italy and ravage its population

Explanation:

The Black Death actually reached Italy first in the 1340s and then spread to the rest of Europe. In Italy, up to 50% of the population in cities were killed. The reason why the Black Death reached Italy first was in part because of its strong trade network with the East, which helped maintain contact with scholars. Furthermore, as the former center of the Roman Empire, Italy had more ancient buildings and other Roman monuments, which later inspired the Renaissance architectural style.

Example Question #10 : Literature, Art, And Architecture 600 Ce To 1450

Borobudur and Angkor Wat are both examples of architectural wonders inspired by __________.

Possible Answers:

Chinese cultural diffusion

Indian cultural diffusion

British cultural diffusion

French cultural diffusion

Mongol cultural diffusion

Correct answer:

Indian cultural diffusion

Explanation:

Angkor Wat was built by the Khmer rulers of southeast Asia and was initially a place of Hindu worship, before being converted to a Buddhist temple. It was heavily inspired by Indian architectural designs. Borobudur was a massive temple built by the Srivijayan Empire of Indonesia and was also heavily influenced by Indian architectural style. These are both examples of the spread of Indian culture in southeast Asia during the classical and medieval periods.

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