AP World History : Labor Systems and Economic Systems 600 CE to 1450

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

What is the economic system primarily practiced in Europe with highly stratified social classes that depended upon a complex system of indentured labor and political alliances?

Possible Answers:

Socialism

Feudalism

Collectivism

Manorialism

Capitalism

Correct answer:

Manorialism

Explanation:

Manorialism is the economic system dependent upon serfdom, indentured labor, and the complex political network of alliances of Feudalism. Feudalism in Europe was a class system within which the specifically economic system of Manorialism developed.

Example Question #2 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Select the social class that most benefited from the economic shakeup which occurred in the wake of the Black Death’s devastation.

Possible Answers:

Peasants 

Skilled artisans 

Farmers and agricultural laborers 

Large-scale landowners 

Correct answer:

Skilled artisans 

Explanation:

The Black Death’s massive death toll – estimates say that as much as two-fifths of Europe’s population was wiped out – had a correspondingly massive impact upon the region’s economy. Farms were no longer producing nearly as much food, whole tracts of land were left untended, and large landowners found themselves left with a severely diminished and weakened workforce. Yet in the midst of all the chaos and confusion, a few social sectors were able to glean some benefits – especially skilled artisans, who were responsible for producing finished products such as furniture, clothes, tools, jewelry, and other hard-to-make items. Many Europeans were eager to remove their minds from their sufferings and so they began to turn increasingly towards luxury products as a way of affirming their tenuous grip upon life. This new trend enabled skilled artisans to charge more for their services, as the demand for their goods increased and their societal prestige rose in accordance with their declining numbers. Their specialized knowledge also became more highly prized; every artisan who succumbed to the plague took a mental treasure trove of craftsmanship techniques and tricks with him into the grave.

Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

What was a jizya?

Possible Answers:

A sailing ship used to transport goods in the Indian Ocean

A defensive fortification used by the Persian Empire

A fighting force comprised of Christians living under Islamic rule

A tax levied on non-Muslim residents of a Muslim country

A governor appointed to oversee the administration of satraps in the Persian Empire

Correct answer:

A tax levied on non-Muslim residents of a Muslim country

Explanation:

A jizya has historically been the name given to a yearly tax levied against non-Muslim residents of an Islamic country. Most famously it was used by the Ottoman Empire to collect taxes from their non-Muslim population.

Example Question #4 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Which African King is most frequently remembered for his extravagant pilgrimage to Mecca in the fourteenth century?

Possible Answers:

Ahmed al-Mansour

Askia

Mansa Musa

Haile Selassie

Shaka

Correct answer:

Mansa Musa

Explanation:

Mansa Musa was the tenth “Mansa” of Mali Empire in the fourteenth century. He is most frequently remembered for his extraordinary wealth, derived from gold, and his extravagant pilgrimage to Mecca. By some estimates Mansa Musa was the wealthiest relative person in human history - during his pilgrimage to Mecca he gave away so much gold that he devalued the price of gold in Egypt and nearly devastated the Egyptian economy.

Example Question #5 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Feudalism emerged in Japan at the beginning of the __________.

Possible Answers:

Muromachi period

Heian period

Nara period

Kamakura period

Edo period

Correct answer:

Kamakura period

Explanation:

Feudalism emerged in Japan in the late twelfth and early thirteenth centuries, at the beginning of the Kamakura period. The Kamakura period began with victory for the Minamoto clan in the Taira-Minamoto war. They established a feudal system, with a Shogun at the top, and a group of landowning Daimyos who pledged their allegiance to the Shogun.

 

Example Question #2 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

During the medieval era, guilds commonly did all of the following except __________.

Possible Answers:

sold shares

set fixed prices

set quality standards

provided pensions

maintained monopolies

Correct answer:

sold shares

Explanation:

Guilds emerged in Europe during the medieval era as a type of labor union. Guilds were comprised of members of the same skilled occupation (for example, blacksmith). These guild members would work together to maintain monopolies, establish price and quality controls, and provide pensions to retired members. One thing they did not do was sell shares, this was an innovation of joint-stock corporations during the era of European colonialism.

Example Question #3 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these was a notable difference between feudalism in Europe and Japan during the medieval era?

Possible Answers:

European feudalism was contractually reinforced, whereas Japanese feudalism was founded on a sense of honor and loyalty.

Japanese feudalism was centered around wealthy landowners, whereas European feudalism was centered around powerful warlords.

There were no major differences between European and Japanese feudalism.

Japanese feudalism was contractually reinforced, whereas European feudalism was founded on a sense of honor and loyalty.

European feudalism was centered around wealthy landowners, whereas Japanese feudalism was centered around powerful warlords.

Correct answer:

European feudalism was contractually reinforced, whereas Japanese feudalism was founded on a sense of honor and loyalty.

Explanation:

The European and Japanese feudal systems, developed in isolation from one another, were remarkably similar to one another. The only major difference between the two institutions was that in Europe, the feudal arrangement between landowner and knight/peasant was contractually reinforced, whereas in Japan the arrangement was based solely on a sense of honor and loyalty.

Example Question #4 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Swahili developed as a lingua franca __________.

Possible Answers:

as a result of the Bantu migrations

to facilitate trade on the Indian subcontinent

to facilitate trade in East Africa

after the arrival of European colonists in Sub-Saharan Africa

after the arrival of Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa

Correct answer:

to facilitate trade in East Africa

Explanation:

Swahili emerged as the lingua franca of the so-called Swahili city-states of East Africa in order to facilitate trade. The Swahili city-states were influential in the Indian Ocean trading network. To provide clarification, a lingua franca is a universal language adopted by a diverse group of people to make communicating easier over large distances. Latin and Arabic are two other notable lingua francas of the classical and medieval periods.

Example Question #9 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Banking, and the practice of monetization, was invented to __________.

Possible Answers:

lower the risks associated with trading ventures

facilitate the movement of slaves from Africa to the New World

reinforce the authority of Europe’s religious rulers

reinforce the authority of Europe’s secular rulers

finance overseas colonies

Correct answer:

lower the risks associated with trading ventures

Explanation:

Banking, and the practice of monetization, were both employed during the Middle Ages to lower the risks associated with trading ventures. Prior to the growth of banking, there was an enormous personal risk associated with financing trading ventures (particularly over long distances).

Example Question #8 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 600 Ce To 1450

Which of these statements best describes the Theme System?

Possible Answers:

A system of taxation employed in the Ottoman Empire, designed to ensure that non-Muslims were paying their share.

An economic system of forced labor employed throughout the Middle East during the Middle Ages.

A system of administrative division in the Byzantine Empire, designed to protect the frontier from invasion.

An economic system of forced labor employed throughout Andean America during the classical period.

A system of military conscription employed by the Ottoman Empire in southern Europe.

Correct answer:

A system of administrative division in the Byzantine Empire, designed to protect the frontier from invasion.

Explanation:

The Theme System was first developed in the Byzantine Empire in the seventh century, and lasted in some form or another until the fall of the empire in the fifteenth century. The Theme System was used to divide frontier lands between various high ranking members of the military. The theory was that if the soldiers and generals owned the land on which they were fighting, they would feel much more personally responsible for its defense. It proved an effective means of administration throughout much of the empire’s history.

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