AP World History : Labor Systems and Economic Systems 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

Spearheaded by leader Deng Xiaopeng, China's economic liberalization __________.

Possible Answers:

caused so much instability that Taiwan broke away from mainland China

ended up causing enormous political instability

caused a war with the Soviet Union over ideological reasons

was in direct competition with South Korea’s liberalization, causing the Korean War

greatly ameliorated the quality of life for hundreds of millions of Chinese, while keeping the Communist Party firmly in power

Correct answer:

greatly ameliorated the quality of life for hundreds of millions of Chinese, while keeping the Communist Party firmly in power

Explanation:

China's economic liberalization has catapulted hundreds of millions of people into the middle class, but the Communist Party has remained in power.

While economic liberalization has caused some social instability, especially with rising economic inequality, politically the Communist Party has remained in power.

At the end of China's Civil War, defeated warlord Chiang Kai Shek retreated to the island of Taiwan, decades before China's economic liberalization.

The Korean War was in the 1950s, long before China's economic liberalization.

Sino-Soviet border conflict occurred while Mao was still in power, long before China's economic liberalization. 

Example Question #2 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

What was the main feature of the New Economic Plan instituted by Lenin in 1921?

Possible Answers:

it completely repudiated any socialist economic policies and instituted a free market system

it returned heavy industries like coal and steel back to their pre-revolutionary owners

it partially repudiated War Communism and instituted a mixed economy in which individuals were allowed to own small businesses

it seized all farmland previously owned privately, and turned the land over to the state

it instituted an economic boycott of all nations that still refused to recognize the Soviet Union

Correct answer:

it partially repudiated War Communism and instituted a mixed economy in which individuals were allowed to own small businesses

Explanation:

The New Economic Plan (NEP) was instituted by Lenin because he recognized that some of the extreme socialist policies put into place previously under War Communism had eroded the popularity of the Bolsheviks among the Russian people. 

Example Question #3 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

The __________ Movement helped lead to Polish independence during the waning years of the Soviet Union.

Possible Answers:

Memorial 

Reform 

Solidarity

Unity

Nativist

Correct answer:

Solidarity

Explanation:

The Solidarity Movement broke out in Poland in the 1980s. At the time Poland was under the control of the Soviet Union and a key member of the Warsaw Pact. The Solidarity Movement was a large-scale labor union (at its height it had nearly eight million members) that was extremely anti-communist in nature. It was widely suppressed by the authorities, but contributed heavily to Polish independence and also to the downfall of the Soviet Union. 

Example Question #4 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

The Works Progress Administration was created as part of __________.

Possible Answers:

Mao’s Cultural Revolution

Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal

Stalin’s Five Year Plan

Lenin’s New Economic Policy

Correct answer:

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal

Explanation:

The Works Progress Administration (WPA) was created in 1935 as part of Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal program. The WPA was designed to employ the millions of unskilled American workers who were suffering immensely during the Great Depression. These workers were employed in road and public works construction across the United States. At its peak in the late 1930s the agency employed more than three million Americans.

Example Question #5 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

After he succeeded Mao, Deng Xiaoping __________.

Possible Answers:

continued Mao’s Cultural Revolution and instituted even more radical policies

ended China’s thirty year flirtation with communism and reinstated free market capitalism

prohibited religious observances and enacted a violent campaign against religious officials

repealed the Cultural Revolution and instituted more moderate policies

abolished China’s trading agreements with the United States and other western nations, and sought to close Chinese markets to foreign interference

Correct answer:

repealed the Cultural Revolution and instituted more moderate policies

Explanation:

Deng Xiaoping came to power in 1978, following the death of Mao Zedong, and headed the Chinese Communist Party until 1992. His reign is marked by a reversal of the more divisive and destructive aspects of Mao’s rule. Deng Xiaoping was himself targeted during the Cultural Revolution and when he came to power he formally repealed the movement and set about dismantling its many policies. Deng Xiaoping is remembered as a moderating force in the history of the Chinese Communist Party.

 

Example Question #6 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

What was the primary goal of the European Coal and Steel Community?

Possible Answers:

To ensure that communism could not spread beyond its confines in eastern Europe

To improve the balance of trade between the countries of western Europe and the United States of America

All of these answers were part of the motivation for the formation of the European Coal and Steel Community

To improve the productive capabilities of iron and coal mines in western and central Europe

To integrate the economies of western Europe so closely as to make war practically impossible

Correct answer:

To integrate the economies of western Europe so closely as to make war practically impossible

Explanation:

The European Coal and Steel Community was formed in the 1950s, in the wake of the Second World War. Founding members included France, West Germany, and Italy. Its purpose was to integrate the economies of the Western European powers so closely as to make war not just impractical, but economically impossible. It became one of the founding organizations that would later combine to form the European Union.

Example Question #7 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

All of the following were consequences of the Mexican Revolution except __________.

Possible Answers:

improvements in access to education

improvements in access to healthcare

land reforms leading to redistribution of ownership and improvements in the rights of peasants

universal Suffrage granted to Mexican citizens

greater control of Mexican industry by foreign corporations

Correct answer:

greater control of Mexican industry by foreign corporations

Explanation:

The Mexican Revolution led to all of the following except greater control of Mexican industry by foreign corporations. Rather, one of the goals and successes of the Mexican Revolution was that control over Mexican industry returned to Mexican hands. The Mexican Revolution took place in the early twentieth century.

Example Question #8 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

Josef Stalin’s Five Year Plan replaced Vladimir Lenin’s __________.

Possible Answers:

War Communism

Great Leap Forward

New Economic Policy

Comintern Movement

Cultural Revolution

Correct answer:

New Economic Policy

Explanation:

When Lenin first came to power he enacted a policy called War Communism. After the end of the Russian Civil War in 1922 he enacted the New Economic Policy. This was designed to ensure the continued nationalization of Russian industry, but allowed minor capitalism in certain areas (such as allowing peasants to sell their surplus crops). After Stalin came to power he replaced the New Economic Policy with the first of his Five Year Plans.

Example Question #9 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

Which of these statements about Germany under the rule of Hitler in the second-half of the 1930s is most accurate?

Possible Answers:

The nation focused on militarization and building friendly relations with other Fascist and autocratic powers

The economy and standard of living improved dramatically, as the Nazis reinvigorated Germany industry and focused on militarization

The economy and standard of living worsened substantially, as the Nazis redirected Germany industry to focus on militarization

The nation focused on internal infrastructure and withdrew from international affairs

The economy and standard of living remained roughly the same, as the Nazis redirected Germany industry to focus on militarization

Correct answer:

The economy and standard of living improved dramatically, as the Nazis reinvigorated Germany industry and focused on militarization

Explanation:

Under Hitler’s rule Germany’s economy recovered spectacularly in the second-half of the 1930s. When he came to power Germany’s economy had been devastated by the combined impact of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles and the outbreak of the Great Depression. The Nazi Party implemented a series of reforms designed to improve the German economy and standard of living; ensured the viability of a self-sufficient German economy; and focused on rapid industrialization and militarization. By the outbreak of the Second World War the German economy was once again one of the strongest in the world.

Example Question #10 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1900 To Present

Lenin’s New Economic Policy __________.

Possible Answers:

brought major industries under government control, but allowed peasants to profit from surplus goods

redistributed privately owned land to members of the communist party

was designed to aid the cause of the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War

brought all areas of the Russian economy under direct government control

allowed major industries to be exempt from direct government control

Correct answer:

brought major industries under government control, but allowed peasants to profit from surplus goods

Explanation:

Lenin’s New Economic Policy was implemented following the catastrophes of the Russian Civil War (1917-1922), which had devastated the nation’s economy. It brought major industries under centralized government authority, but allowed peasants and small-scale business owners to profit from surplus goods and partial capitalism.

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