AP World History : Labor Systems and Economic Systems 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

Which historical event caused a major diversification of the workforce to include women and children?

Possible Answers:

The 100 Years War

The rise of Feudalism 

The Haitian Revolution

The fall of Rome

The Industrial Revolution

Correct answer:

The Industrial Revolution

Explanation:

With the growth of factories and workhouses in the booming industrial cities, women and children were able to work, and were often prized above men by unethical employers because they could be treated less humanely, and their more delicate fingers were perfect for working the complicated machinery.

Example Question #2 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

Which of the following philosophers was responsible for developing the intellectual framework for capitalism?

Possible Answers:

Adam Smith

Karl Marx

Benjamin Franklin

Voltaire

John Maynard Keynes

Correct answer:

Adam Smith

Explanation:

Adam Smith is widely held to be the 'father of modern capitalism'. His philosophical treatises on concepts such as the wealth of nations, personal self-interest, and trading laid the framework for the economic system that would become known as capitalism.

Example Question #3 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

The Industrial Revolution was initially a European phenomenon with the notable exception of ____________.

Possible Answers:

Latin America

Japan

Central Asia

Southern Africa

West Africa

Correct answer:

Japan

Explanation:

Largely due to its political independence, Japan was able to industrialize as early as some European countries. Subsaharan Africa was under the domination of the French and British, who orientated African economies towards the cultivation of natural resources for British and French industrial capital, rather than creating their own. Latin America, under the Spanish, was also barred from participating in the industrial revolution, as was Central Asia under Russian influence.

Example Question #4 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

What type of economy did the economists of the late 1700's, such as Adam Smith, advocate for?

Possible Answers:

Free Market

Socialized 

Command economy

Government run

Correct answer:

Free Market

Explanation:

Smith believed that the economy should be driven by the market place with no outside interference. The idea was that people should push the economy to fill their needs while also determining what should not be in the economy. They would do this by buying the supplies they chose from the retailers they chose.

Example Question #5 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

The corporations of the Industrial Revolution brought forth a new idea in terms of company ownership. What was it?

Possible Answers:

Multi-party ownership

Boards of Directors

Stock

Investors

Correct answer:

Stock

Explanation:

While corporations had existed in the past and had sold stock before, it had never been a widespread tool. It had also not been something available to the lower classes of society. Now, people had the chance to invest in stock with the hopes they could sell it later at a profit.

Example Question #6 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

During the industrial Revolution a system of bringing workers and machines together in one place was adopted. What was this system called?

Possible Answers:

Labor system

Factory system

Mechanized system

Industrial system

Correct answer:

Factory system

Explanation:

The factory system is where one central location houses the machinery of an industry and the workers come to the machinery to work it. This is the reason these places were called factories.

Example Question #7 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

The Industrial Revolution originated in which country? 

Possible Answers:

France

The United States

Germany

Russia

Great Britain

Correct answer:

Great Britain

Explanation:

The Industrial Revolution originated in Great Britain in the late eighteenth century. The Industrial Revolution moved manufacturing from the home and into factories, where it became more efficient through the use of mass production and interchangeable parts. The revolution originated with textiles and food processing but soon moved to iron, steel, machine building, transportation, and communication. 

Example Question #8 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

The Congo Free State was primarily profitable because of __________.

Possible Answers:

rubber plantations

sugar plantations

oil deposits

iron ore deposits

diamond mines

Correct answer:

rubber plantations

Explanation:

The so-called Congo Free State, under the initial personal control of King Leopold II of Belgium and later under the control of the Belgian government, was extremely profitable due to the lucrative rubber plantations and the use of forced native labor.

Example Question #9 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

The Industrial Revolution contributed to the decline of slavery because __________.

Possible Answers:

universal public education led to greater empathy and social awareness

all of these answers are correct

slaves lacked the basic training and knowledge required to work in factories

paying workers was cheaper than purchasing slaves

caring for workers was less dangerous than caring for slaves

Correct answer:

paying workers was cheaper than purchasing slaves

Explanation:

The Industrial Revolution contributed to the decline of slavery because it dramatically increased the profitability of businesses whilst allowing workers to be paid a tiny wage. Business owners realized that it was actually cheaper and less risky to pay workers than it was to buy and own slaves.

Example Question #10 : Labor Systems And Economic Systems 1750 To 1900

Working conditions for the average individual in the early years of the Industrial Revolution __________.

Possible Answers:

were far better than they had been before the Industrial Revolution

were much worse in Northern Europe than they were in Southern Europe

were much worse in Southern Europe than they were in Northern Europe

were roughly the same as they had been before the Industrial Revolution

were far worse than they had been before the Industrial Revolution

Correct answer:

were far worse than they had been before the Industrial Revolution

Explanation:

In the early years of the Industrial Revolution working conditions for the average individual were far worse than they had been before the revolution. Prior to the Industrial Revolution the average worker (in England) might have worked slightly less than eight hours a day tilling the fields and caring for crops and animals. In the early years of the Industrial Revolution workers were suddenly working fourteen or sixteen hour days, sometimes six or seven days a week, in horribly dangerous conditions. The relative autonomy of individuals also declined in the early years of the Industrial Revolution.

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