AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1900 to Present

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

The fall of the __________ dynasty marked the end of Imperial China, ushering in the modern age.

Possible Answers:

Ming

Yuan

Tang

Qing

Song

Correct answer:

Qing

Explanation:

The forced abdication of Emperor Puyi and subsequent fall of the Qing dynasty in 1912 resulted in the rise of the Republic of China, and with it the emergence of Sun Yat-Sen’s government. This symbolized the shift away from the centuries old dynastic cycle and entrance into the 20th century. The Song Dynasty lasted from 960-1279 CE. The Yuan dynasty lasted from 1271-1368. The Tang dynasty preceded the Song dynasty, existing from 618-904. The Ming dynasty lasted from 1368-1644.

Example Question #2 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

The battle of Dien Bien Phu took place during the which country's war for independence?

Possible Answers:

Japan

Vietnam

Indonesia

China

India

Correct answer:

Vietnam

Explanation:

The battle of Dien Bien Phu was fought between the French and Vietnamese during France's attempt to re-assert colonial control over Vietnam following World War II.  The Vietnamese victory resulted in the end of further French attempts at re-conquest.

Example Question #3 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

When the French and British decolonized the Arab world, they left behind __________.

Possible Answers:

a formidable world power

a region they had designed to be strong but which fractured due to internal pressures they hadn't understood

a region designed to be dependent upon France and Britain

a strong region that could be independent

a region designed according to local wishes

Correct answer:

a region designed to be dependent upon France and Britain

Explanation:

When the British and French governments decolonized the Arab world, they left behind countries designed to be dependent upon Britain and France.

They did not want Arab independence, so they ensured no country would be powerful.

The modern problems in the Arab world all stem from this original systemic weakness, which is the cause of most other geopolitical problems in the modern Middle East.

The British and French did consult with certain local leaders, but made sure to hamper these leaders with linguistically and geographically disparate populations against the wishes of both the leaders and the populations.

The British and French colonial administrations were scared of the prospect of hundreds of millions of Arabic speakers coalescing into a single country, so they ensured that when they decolonized the region they left behind nothing formidable or powerful.

Example Question #4 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

By the end of the Scramble for Africa in 1914, what nation had become the dominant power on the African continent? 

Possible Answers:

Spain

France

Britain

Germany

Correct answer:

Britain

Explanation:

While France had a very large portion of Africa as colonies, their colonies were largely made up of the Sahara Desert, and had little in the way of resources. Britain's colonies, however, were the envy of the continent. They had all the great societies of the continent and access to all the best resources Africa had to offer. Add this to the shear volume of the colonies Britain received in the Scramble for Africa, and Britain was easily the dominant power.

Example Question #5 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

Which of the following is not an infrastructure project brought to Africa by colonizing Europeans?

Possible Answers:

Ports

Railroads

Road networks

Telegraphs

Correct answer:

Ports

Explanation:

Major ports had existed along the coastline of Africa since well before European colonization. Similarly, in the interior of Africa, where Europeans had never gone before, the primary form of transportation over long distances were animals. 

Example Question #6 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

When the Europeans replaced local culture with their own in Africa, what was the phrase for the way of doing things the people of Africa should adopt?

Possible Answers:

The Northern Way

The Western Way

The European Way

The Right Way

Correct answer:

The Western Way

Explanation:

Europeans described the European way of doing things to Africans as the Western Way. The idea was that Europe was the Western world and it was the superior region of the world. Therefore the people of Africa should adopt this Western way of doing things.

Example Question #7 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

Over the last thousand years, fighters for Vietnamese independence have had to combat all of the following except _______________.

Possible Answers:

American forces

Chinese forces

Italian forces

Japanese forces

French forces

Correct answer:

Italian forces

Explanation:

The Italians never attempted to colonize Vietnam.

Many Vietnamese fought against American influence in South Vietnam because they saw it as an obstacle to Vietnamese independence.

Many Vietnamese fought against French colonial efforts in Vietnam because they wanted an independence.

Chinese encroachment caused many Vietnamese to take up arms for the cause of independence.

During WWII, many Vietnamese fought against Japanese imperialism including Ho Chi Minh.

Example Question #8 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

After the last Chinese emperor, Pu-Yi, was forced to abdicate, he was used by the Japanese military as a puppet leader of the vassal state of _____________.

Possible Answers:

Vietnam

Taiwan

Cambodia

Burma

Manchukuo

Correct answer:

Manchukuo

Explanation:

The Japanese used Pu-Yi as a puppet leader of their northern Chinese vassal state, Manchukuo.

The Japanese did not attempt to make Pu-Yi the leader of Taiwan, Vietnam, Cambodia, or Burma as a Chinese sovereign would not have been welcomed in any of these places.

Example Question #9 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

By 1914 how many nations in Africa remained independent?

Possible Answers:

Two

Five

Three

None 

Correct answer:

Two

Explanation:

By 1914 only Ethiopia and Liberia remained independent from European rule. This was due to the military prowess of the Ethiopians, and the American protection afforded to Liberia. The rest of the continent had been taken over by the Europeans by 1914.

Example Question #10 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1900 To Present

Why did Ethiopia remain independent from European rule?

Possible Answers:

No access to the sea

Lack of European interest

Ethiopia's military prowess

No natural resources

Correct answer:

Ethiopia's military prowess

Explanation:

The Ethiopian military successfully defended Ethiopia from several attempted European invasions. The problem for the Europeans was the difficult mountainous terrain gave the Ethiopians the advantage in battle, one which they exploited very well and which attacking Europeans did not understand or plan for.

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