AP World History : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, and Globalization 1750 to 1900

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP World History

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Example Questions

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Example Question #1 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which era led to the modernization of Japan?

Possible Answers:

Meiji

Tokugawa

Heian

Showa

Kofun

Correct answer:

Meiji

Explanation:

The Meiji era lasted from 1868-1912 and was the era that led to the development of Japan as a modern world power, this set the stage for their involvement in World War I and II. The Tokugwa government was the final feudal government that ruled Japan; it lasted from 1603-1868 (the beginning of the Meiji Era). The Heian period is considered part of classical Japanese history; it lasted from 794-1185. The Showa period lasted from 1926-1989. The Kofun period lasted from 250-538.

Example Question #2 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which factor was not considered during the Berlin Conference?

Possible Answers:

Traditional tribal boundaries

European Politics

Trade routes

Economic efficiency 

The future of the slave trade 

Correct answer:

Traditional tribal boundaries

Explanation:

The Berlin Conference divided Africa amongst the European powers for economic gain and paid no attention to the pre-existing social structures. This is believed to be the cause of many of the continent's problems that persist today. 

Example Question #3 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

The term 'Manifest Destiny' can be most accurately described as __________.

Possible Answers:

a major motivation for mid nineteenth-century German nationalists to create a single German state out of a loose confederation of polities

an Imperial Roman decree establishing that it was the destiny of Rome to conquer the whole world

a belief amongst religious nineteenth-century Europeans that by leading a virtuous life, God would manifest himself to true believers

the nineteenth-century belief in an American destiny to push the national boundary westwards to the Pacific through colonization

the driving ideological force behind Russian expansion into Asia during the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries

Correct answer:

the nineteenth-century belief in an American destiny to push the national boundary westwards to the Pacific through colonization

Explanation:

'Manifest Destiny' was a driving force behind American westward expansion during the nineteenth century. Developed early in the century, ideology established that the duty, and ultimate goal of American expansion was to build a country spanning the land between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.

Example Question #4 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Which of the following late 19th-century states were able to most successfully carry out modernization reforms all the way through to the mid 20th century?

Possible Answers:

Qing Dynasty China

The Ottoman Empire

Kingdom of Korea

Japan

Tsarist Russia

Correct answer:

Japan

Explanation:

During the Meiji restoration, Japan was able to successfully modernize and adapt in the face of encroaching European colonialism, eventually building its own empire. Unlike the other states listed, the Japanese process of post-1868 modernization was maintained through the mid 20th century, continuing, in various forms, to the present day, with Japan being a leading figure in many technology-related fields (especially robotics).

Example Question #5 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

Despite the territorial gains west of the Appalachian Mountains, what decree by King George III forbid colonists from moving into this new territory?

Possible Answers:

Case of Proclamations

Proclamation of 1763

The Native American Act

Statute of Proclamations

Correct answer:

Proclamation of 1763

Explanation:

The Proclamation of 1763 declared it illegal for colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. This caused much tension because the colonists saw this land as theirs now that they had won it from the French. The British crown, however, wanted to keep the land for the Native Americans so as to give the displaced East Coast tribes a new home and dissuade them from engaging in conflict with the colonists over land.

Example Question #6 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What was the Sugar Act of 1764?

Possible Answers:

Tax on sugar and molasses

Forced the colonies to buy goods only from Britain

Declared Martial Law in the Colonies

Tax for seal on official documents

Correct answer:

Tax on sugar and molasses

Explanation:

The Sugar Act was the first of many acts by Parliament meant to recoup the money the British had spent defending the colonies during the Seven Years War. This one placed a tax on sugar and molasses, two frequently used goods in the colonies.

Example Question #7 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What was the Stamp Act of 1765?

Possible Answers:

Tax for seal on official documents 

Tax on sugar and molasses 

Forced the colonies to buy goods only from Britain 

Declared Martial Law in the Colonies

Correct answer:

Tax for seal on official documents 

Explanation:

The Stamp Act was another tax placed on the colonies of the British Empire. In order for a document to be stamped by a notary and made official, a tax had to be paid to the crown.

Example Question #8 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What was the aim of the Tea Act of 1773?

Possible Answers:

To force the colonies to buy goods only from Britain 

To place a tax stamp on official documents 

To place a tax on sugar and molasses

To declare Martial Law in the Colonies 

Correct answer:

To force the colonies to buy goods only from Britain 

Explanation:

The Tea Act was meant to aide the failing East India Trading Company, which had massive overstocks of tea and other goods in London. Parliament therefore banned the sale of these goods from any other source. While this actually drove down the price of these goods in the colonies, the colonists resented the British attempting to regulate their economy in this way.

Example Question #9 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

What did the Intolerable Acts of 1774 accomplish?

Possible Answers:

Forced the colonies to buy goods only from Britain

Declared Martial Law in the Colonies

Tax on sugar and molasses

Tax for seal on official documents

Correct answer:

Declared Martial Law in the Colonies

Explanation:

The Intolerable Acts were a series of acts of Parliament that were meant to bring the unruly colonies back in line. The colonies were very rapidly pushing back against British rule and ignoring British authority, and therefore the Parliament felt it needed to declare martial law in order to restore order.

Example Question #10 : Empires, Colonialism, Imperialism, Decolonization, And Globalization 1750 To 1900

To what was the so-called Boston Tea Party a response?

Possible Answers:

The Tea Act of 1773 

The Sugar Act

The Intolerable Acts 

The Stamp Act 

Correct answer:

The Tea Act of 1773 

Explanation:

The Boston Tea Party was organized as a response to the Tea Act. The Sons of Liberty meant it as a protest against the British attempt to control the economy of the Colonists by banning them from buying goods from nations other than Britain.

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