AP US History : Work, Exchange, and Technology 1755–1800

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP US History

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Example Questions

Example Question #8 : 1755–1800

Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin produced all of the following results except __________.

Possible Answers:

The cotton gin began a sharp increase in the building of factories in the South.

All of these statements are true.

The cotton gin caused additional inventions to be created such as machines to spin and weave the additional cotton.

The cotton gin helped cotton overtake tobacco as the South's leading export by the mid-1800's.

The cotton gin caused the growth in the use of slave labor, because of cotton was now so profitable.

Correct answer:

The cotton gin began a sharp increase in the building of factories in the South.


Although the South was producing more cotton as a result of the cotton gin, it remained primarily an agrarian society. The invention of the steam engine allowed Southern planters to ship their cotton more quickly and less expensively to the Northern factories. Until the Civil War, there was no need for the South to build additional factories.

Example Question #9 : 1755–1800

An act for granting certain duties in the British colonies and plantations in America; for allowing a drawback of the duties of customs upon the exportation, from this kingdom, of coffee and cocoa nuts of the produce of the said colonies or plantations; for discontinuing the drawbacks payable on china earthen ware exported to America; and for more effectually preventing the clandestine running of goods in the colonies and plantations.

WHEREAS it is expedient that a revenue should be raised in your Majesty’s dominions in America, for making a more certain and adequate provision for defraying the charge of the administration of justice, and the support of civil government, in such provinces where it shall be found necessary; and towards further defraying the expenses of defending, protecting, and securing, the said dominions; we, your Majesty’s most dutiful and loyal subjects, the commons of Great Britain, in parliament assembled, have therefore resolved to give and grant unto your Majesty the several rates and duties herein after mentioned; For every hundred weight avoirdupois of crown, plate, flint, and white glass, four shillings and eight pence…

The Townsend Act, 1767

What was the purpose of the Townshend Act?

Possible Answers:

To house troops in the colonies

To raise revenue in the colonies to pay the salaries of governors and judges that were loyal to Great Britain

To stop colonists from destroying English goods

To stop the colonists from boycotting teas, paper goods and glass

Correct answer:

To raise revenue in the colonies to pay the salaries of governors and judges that were loyal to Great Britain


The Townshend Acts were a series of acts passed, beginning in 1767, by the Parliament of Great Britain relating to the Colonies in North America. The purpose of the Townshend Acts was to pay larger salaries of governors and judges who would remain loyal to Great Britain. It was also passed to create a more effective means of enforcing compliance with trade regulations, to punish New York province for failing to comply with the Quartering Act, and to establish the precedent that the British Parliament had the right to tax the colonies.

 The Townshend Acts were met with resistance in the colonies, prompting the occupation of Boston by British troops in 1768, which eventually resulted in the Boston Massacre of 1770.

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