AP US Government : Federalism

Study concepts, example questions & explanations for AP US Government

varsity tutors app store varsity tutors android store

Example Questions

← Previous 1 3 4 5

Example Question #1 : Federalism

In a Federal system of government power to rule is primarily in the hands of __________

Possible Answers:

both the national and regional governments.

local municipalities.

the national government and local municipalities.

the national government.

regional governments.

Correct answer:

both the national and regional governments.

Explanation:

A Federal system of government is defined as one where the power is shared between the national government and the regional governments (in the case of America, the regional governments are the states).

Example Question #2 : Federalism

The Full Faith and Credit Clause established that __________.

Possible Answers:

the states have the power to regulate commerce within their own state

the government must pay off all of its debts before spending any more money

the states must legally respect the laws and court decisions of another state

the United States must always pay its debts on time

the President could be impeached by a majority vote in Congress

Correct answer:

the states must legally respect the laws and court decisions of another state

Explanation:

The Full Faith and Credit Clause established that all states must legally respect the laws, decisions, and court rulings of any other state. It appears in Section 1 of the United States Constitution.

Example Question #1 : Federalism

The concept of New Federalism is most closely associated with which President?

Possible Answers:

Richard Nixon

Jimmy Carter

Theodore Roosevelt

Herbert Hoover

Franklin D. Roosevelt

Correct answer:

Richard Nixon

Explanation:

New Federalism is the process of devolving some powers back to the states to reduce the overwhelming power of the Federal government. It is closely associated with Richard Nixon (as well as Reagan and George H.W. Bush, who continued it), who initiated New Federalism by issuing Block Grants to the states and giving them greater license to freely spend government money to resolve social issues.

Example Question #4 : Federalism

Which of these is not a power reserved for the states in the Constitution?

Possible Answers:

All of these are powers reserved for the States.

To coin and print money

To establish public schools

To regulate intrastate commerce

To regulate corporations

Correct answer:

To coin and print money

Explanation:

All of these are powers which are reserved for the states in the Constitution, except the ability to coin and print money. It would be quite illogical, and chaotic, to allow each state to coin and print its own money, as there would be no central currency. This condition existed under the Articles of Confederation and was predictably detrimental to economic growth.

Example Question #5 : Federalism

The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were written by __________.

Possible Answers:

Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton and John Jay

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison

Alexander Hamilton and John Adams

James Madison and James Monroe

Correct answer:

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison

Explanation:

The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were written, secretly, by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison in 1798 and 1799. They argued that states had the right to deem Federal laws unconstitutional and, when having done so, declare them nullified.

Example Question #6 : Federalism

Which of these is not a concurrent power shared by the federal and state governments?

Possible Answers:

The power to establish courts

Road construction

The ability to levy taxes

The regulation of interstate trade

Maintenance of law and order

Correct answer:

The regulation of interstate trade

Explanation:

Concurrent powers, as opposed to reserved powers, are powers shared equally by the Federal and State governments. They include the ability to levy taxes; the construction and maintenance of roads; the power to establish lower courts; the maintenance of law and order; and the ability to provide for social welfare. They do not, however, include the regulation of interstate trade, which is a power specifically prescribed to Congress by the Commerce Clause.

Example Question #2 : Federalism

Article 4 of the United States Constitution is focused on __________.

Possible Answers:

defining the power of the states and their relationship with the federal government

establishing the Judicial Branch and the powers of the Judiciary

setting up the process by which amendments to the Constitution can be passed

establishing the Bill of Rights

defining the limit of power to be placed on the leader of the Executive Branch

Correct answer:

defining the power of the states and their relationship with the federal government

Explanation:

Article 4 of the Constitution focuses on defining the power of the states within the federal system of government that prevails in the United States. It also establishes the relationship between the states and the federal government.

Example Question #3 : Federalism

Prior to the ratification of the Constitution, the United States was governed by the Articles of __________.

Possible Answers:

Independence

Union

Federalism

Peace and Prosperity

Confederation

Correct answer:

Confederation

Explanation:

Drafted by the 2nd Continental Congress and in 1776, the Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781. It was the first form of government that governed the United States throughout the Revolutionary War.

Example Question #9 : Federalism

Article VI of the U.S. Constitution establishes that federal law is __________ in conflicts between federal and state law.

Possible Answers:

supreme

subordinated

irrelevant

necessary and proper

authoritarian

Correct answer:

supreme

Explanation:

Article VI of the constitution contains what is known as the Supremacy Clause: the Constitution, acts of Congress, and treaties made are the supreme law of the land. Thus establishing the Federal government as supreme over states.

Example Question #10 : Federalism

The Founders adopted a federal system of government partly because they feared ____________.

Possible Answers:

limiting the national government

regulation of inter-state commerce

giving too much power to state governments

centralization of power into one governing institution

foreign attack

Correct answer:

centralization of power into one governing institution

Explanation:

"Federalism" is a system of government where power is divided between a national/central government and subunits/states. The Founders believed in separation of power and limiting central authority, so dividing power between the Federal government and states was another check on power.

← Previous 1 3 4 5
Learning Tools by Varsity Tutors

Incompatible Browser

Please upgrade or download one of the following browsers to use Instant Tutoring: